Concept

# Star refinement

Summary
In mathematics, specifically in the study of topology and open covers of a topological space X, a star refinement is a particular kind of refinement of an open cover of X. A related concept is the notion of barycentric refinement. Star refinements are used in the definition of fully normal space and in one definition of uniform space. It is also useful for stating a characterization of paracompactness. The general definition makes sense for arbitrary coverings and does not require a topology. Let be a set and let be a covering of that is, Given a subset of the star of with respect to is the union of all the sets that intersect that is, Given a point we write instead of A covering of is a refinement of a covering of if every is contained in some The following are two special kinds of refinement. The covering is called a barycentric refinement of if for every the star is contained in some The covering is called a star refinement of if for every the star is contained in some Every star refinement of a cover is a barycentric refinement of that cover. The converse is not true, but a barycentric refinement of a barycentric refinement is a star refinement.