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Course# PHYS-758: Advanced Course on Quantum Communication

Summary

The aim of this doctoral course by Nicolas Sangouard is to lay the theoretical groundwork that is needed for students to understand how to take advantage of quantum effects for communication technologies and contribute to on-going efforts in this field.

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Instructor

Lectures in this course (8)

Christophe Marcel Georges Galland

I studied at Ecole Polytechnique in Paris (X2003) and received my PhD in 2010 from ETH Zürich for a thesis in solid-state quantum optics with individual carbon nanotubes, in the Quantum Photonics Group of Prof. Ataç Imamoglu. As a postdoctoral researcher at Los Alamos National Lab (USA) I studied the photophysics of individual nanocrystal quantum dots in the groups of Victor Klimov and Han Htoon. I was investigating the mechanisms responsible for fluorescence fluctuations and how to control them. I then moved to the University of Delaware in the group of Michael Hochberg to work in the emerging field of integrated quantum optics. I was leading international projects such as the realisation of an on-chip source of quantum correlated photons integrating optical filters and demultiplexers. From 2013 to 2016, I was working at EPFL in the group of Prof. Kippenberg in the field of quantum optomechanics with an Ambizione Fellowship of the Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF). My work focused on the creation of non-classical vibrational states of mesoscopic oscillators and on the amplification of vibrations in molecules. Since May 2017, I am leading the Laboratory of Quantum and Nano-Optics at EPFL as an SNSF-funded professor in the Institute of Physics. My team investigates two main phenomena: (i) the vibrational dynamics of molecules embedded in nanoscale plasmonic cavities, and (ii) non-classical correlations mediated by individual quanta of crystal vibrations at room-temperature. We employ state-of-the-art spectroscopic tools such as femtosecond lasers and single-photon counters to get new insights into sub-nanometer scale dynamics.

Quantum Source Coding

Covers entropic notions in quantum sources, Shannon entropy, Von Neumann entropy, and source coding.

Bell Test: Distinguishing Physical Theories

Introduces the Bell test, exploring conclusions from local causality and quantum theory.

Quantum Measurement: General Description

Explores the general description of quantum measurements, including post-measurement states and Kraus operators.

Quantum Information

Explores the CHSH operator, self-testing, eigenstates, and quantifying randomness in quantum systems.

Quantum Entanglement

Explores quantum entanglement, Bell inequalities, and self-testing in quantum systems.

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