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Lecture# Intersection of 2 Cylinders

Description

This lecture covers the intersection of two cylinders in cylindrical coordinates, discussing the concept of bijectivity and the Jacobian matrix. It also explores the continuity of functions and the interpretation of differentiable functions. The instructor explains the transformation of coordinates and the implications of various mathematical operations in the context of cylindrical geometry.

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Related concepts (87)

Related lectures (34)

Cylindrical coordinate system

A cylindrical coordinate system is a three-dimensional coordinate system that specifies point positions by the distance from a chosen reference axis (axis L in the image opposite), the direction from the axis relative to a chosen reference direction (axis A), and the distance from a chosen reference plane perpendicular to the axis (plane containing the purple section). The latter distance is given as a positive or negative number depending on which side of the reference plane faces the point.

Curvilinear coordinates

In geometry, curvilinear coordinates are a coordinate system for Euclidean space in which the coordinate lines may be curved. These coordinates may be derived from a set of Cartesian coordinates by using a transformation that is locally invertible (a one-to-one map) at each point. This means that one can convert a point given in a Cartesian coordinate system to its curvilinear coordinates and back. The name curvilinear coordinates, coined by the French mathematician Lamé, derives from the fact that the coordinate surfaces of the curvilinear systems are curved.

Del in cylindrical and spherical coordinates

This is a list of some vector calculus formulae for working with common curvilinear coordinate systems. This article uses the standard notation ISO 80000-2, which supersedes ISO 31-11, for spherical coordinates (other sources may reverse the definitions of θ and φ): The polar angle is denoted by : it is the angle between the z-axis and the radial vector connecting the origin to the point in question. The azimuthal angle is denoted by : it is the angle between the x-axis and the projection of the radial vector onto the xy-plane.

Analytic geometry

In mathematics, analytic geometry, also known as coordinate geometry or Cartesian geometry, is the study of geometry using a coordinate system. This contrasts with synthetic geometry. Analytic geometry is used in physics and engineering, and also in aviation, rocketry, space science, and spaceflight. It is the foundation of most modern fields of geometry, including algebraic, differential, discrete and computational geometry. Usually the Cartesian coordinate system is applied to manipulate equations for planes, straight lines, and circles, often in two and sometimes three dimensions.

Cylinder

A cylinder () has traditionally been a three-dimensional solid, one of the most basic of curvilinear geometric shapes. In elementary geometry, it is considered a prism with a circle as its base. A cylinder may also be defined as an infinite curvilinear surface in various modern branches of geometry and topology. The shift in the basic meaning—solid versus surface (as in ball and sphere)—has created some ambiguity with terminology. The two concepts may be distinguished by referring to solid cylinders and cylindrical surfaces.

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Covers the transformation and application of coordinate systems, focusing on cylindrical coordinates and Jacobian matrix.

Coordinate Systems: Polar, Cylindrical, Spherical

Covers position, velocity, and acceleration in polar, cylindrical, and spherical coordinate systems.

Polar Coordinates: Position and Velocity

Explores polar coordinates, position, velocity, and acceleration vectors in Cartesian and polar systems, including cylindrical and spherical coordinates.

Polar Coordinates: Jacobian Matrix and Examples

Covers polar coordinates, the Jacobian matrix, and examples of calculating areas in polar coordinates.

Motion in Three Dimensions

Covers motion in three dimensions, including scalar and vector velocities, acceleration, and curvilinear abscissa.