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Lecture# Signals & Systems II: Convolution and Stability

Description

This lecture covers the concepts of convolution and stability in the context of Signals & Systems II. It starts by discussing the well-posedness of convolution and the finite impulse response systems. The lecture then delves into causal systems, linear systems, and BIBO stability. It explains the geometric sequence, convolution operator, and compositional stability. The instructor also explores the support of signals, stability in the sense of L1, and the algebra of LTI operators.

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Related concepts (32)

MICRO-311(b): Signals and systems II (for SV)

Ce cours aborde la théorie des systèmes linéaires discrets invariants par décalage (LID). Leurs propriétés et caractéristiques fondamentales y sont discutées, ainsi que les outils fondamentaux permett

BIBO stability

In signal processing, specifically control theory, bounded-input, bounded-output (BIBO) stability is a form of stability for signals and systems that take inputs. If a system is BIBO stable, then the output will be bounded for every input to the system that is bounded. A signal is bounded if there is a finite value such that the signal magnitude never exceeds , that is For discrete-time signals: For continuous-time signals: For a continuous time linear time-invariant (LTI) system, the condition for BIBO stability is that the impulse response, , be absolutely integrable, i.

Lyapunov stability

Various types of stability may be discussed for the solutions of differential equations or difference equations describing dynamical systems. The most important type is that concerning the stability of solutions near to a point of equilibrium. This may be discussed by the theory of Aleksandr Lyapunov. In simple terms, if the solutions that start out near an equilibrium point stay near forever, then is Lyapunov stable. More strongly, if is Lyapunov stable and all solutions that start out near converge to , then is said to be asymptotically stable (see asymptotic analysis).

Marginal stability

In the theory of dynamical systems and control theory, a linear time-invariant system is marginally stable if it is neither asymptotically stable nor unstable. Roughly speaking, a system is stable if it always returns to and stays near a particular state (called the steady state), and is unstable if it goes farther and farther away from any state, without being bounded. A marginal system, sometimes referred to as having neutral stability, is between these two types: when displaced, it does not return to near a common steady state, nor does it go away from where it started without limit.

Linear time-invariant system

In system analysis, among other fields of study, a linear time-invariant (LTI) system is a system that produces an output signal from any input signal subject to the constraints of linearity and time-invariance; these terms are briefly defined below. These properties apply (exactly or approximately) to many important physical systems, in which case the response y(t) of the system to an arbitrary input x(t) can be found directly using convolution: y(t) = (x ∗ h)(t) where h(t) is called the system's impulse response and ∗ represents convolution (not to be confused with multiplication).

Nyquist stability criterion

In control theory and stability theory, the Nyquist stability criterion or Strecker–Nyquist stability criterion, independently discovered by the German electrical engineer Felix Strecker at Siemens in 1930 and the Swedish-American electrical engineer Harry Nyquist at Bell Telephone Laboratories in 1932, is a graphical technique for determining the stability of a dynamical system.

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