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Lecture# Flow PM Evaluation Table

Description

This lecture introduces a table that evaluates the Prandtl-Meyer function based on the Mach number, providing a practical alternative to calculators. The table, given for a specific value of gamma, facilitates quick approximations for reasoning-based evaluations.

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Related concepts (14)

ME-343: Compressible-fluid dynamics

Fluides compressibles, vitesse sonique, ondes de choc, détente.

Specific heat capacity

In thermodynamics, the specific heat capacity (symbol c) of a substance is the heat capacity of a sample of the substance divided by the mass of the sample, also sometimes referred to as massic heat capacity. Informally, it is the amount of heat that must be added to one unit of mass of the substance in order to cause an increase of one unit in temperature. The SI unit of specific heat capacity is joule per kelvin per kilogram, J⋅kg−1⋅K−1.

Heat capacity ratio

In thermal physics and thermodynamics, the heat capacity ratio, also known as the adiabatic index, the ratio of specific heats, or Laplace's coefficient, is the ratio of the heat capacity at constant pressure (CP) to heat capacity at constant volume (CV). It is sometimes also known as the isentropic expansion factor and is denoted by γ (gamma) for an ideal gas or κ (kappa), the isentropic exponent for a real gas. The symbol γ is used by aerospace and chemical engineers.

Heat capacity

Heat capacity or thermal capacity is a physical property of matter, defined as the amount of heat to be supplied to an object to produce a unit change in its temperature. The SI unit of heat capacity is joule per kelvin (J/K). Heat capacity is an extensive property. The corresponding intensive property is the specific heat capacity, found by dividing the heat capacity of an object by its mass. Dividing the heat capacity by the amount of substance in moles yields its molar heat capacity.

Relations between heat capacities

In thermodynamics, the heat capacity at constant volume, , and the heat capacity at constant pressure, , are extensive properties that have the magnitude of energy divided by temperature. The laws of thermodynamics imply the following relations between these two heat capacities (Gaskell 2003:23): Here is the thermal expansion coefficient: is the isothermal compressibility (the inverse of the bulk modulus): and is the isentropic compressibility: A corresponding expression for the difference in specific heat capacities (intensive properties) at constant volume and constant pressure is: where ρ is the density of the substance under the applicable conditions.

Mach number

Mach number (M or Ma) (mɑːk; max) is a dimensionless quantity in fluid dynamics representing the ratio of flow velocity past a boundary to the local speed of sound. It is named after the Austrian physicist and philosopher Ernst Mach. where: is the local Mach number, u is the local flow velocity with respect to the boundaries (either internal, such as an object immersed in the flow, or external, like a channel), and c is the speed of sound in the medium, which in air varies with the square root of the thermodynamic temperature.