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Lecture# Parametric Resonance: Pendulum Examples

Description

This lecture explores the complexity of non-linear systems by analyzing parametric resonances through two pendulum examples. It covers the stability zones, the effects of friction, and the behavior at different resonance frequencies, concluding with an amusing experiment on an inverted pendulum.

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In MOOCs (9)

Related concepts (11)

Newton's Mechanics

Ce cours de Physique générale – mécanique fourni les outils permettant de maîtriser la mécanique newtonienne du point matériel.

Point System Mechanics

Ce cours de Physique générale – mécanique fourni les outils permettant de maîtriser la mécanique newtonienne du point matériel.

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Newton's Mechanics

Ces quelques leçons de mécanique de Newton font partie d'un cours de formation de base en mécanique Newtonienne présenté sous la forme de 5 MOOCs:

- Mécanique de Newton
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Pendulum

A pendulum is a weight suspended from a pivot so that it can swing freely. When a pendulum is displaced sideways from its resting, equilibrium position, it is subject to a restoring force due to gravity that will accelerate it back toward the equilibrium position. When released, the restoring force acting on the pendulum's mass causes it to oscillate about the equilibrium position, swinging back and forth. The time for one complete cycle, a left swing and a right swing, is called the period.

Kater's pendulum

A Kater's pendulum is a reversible free swinging pendulum invented by British physicist and army captain Henry Kater in 1817 for use as a gravimeter instrument to measure the local acceleration of gravity. Its advantage is that, unlike previous pendulum gravimeters, the pendulum's centre of gravity and center of oscillation do not have to be determined, allowing a greater accuracy. For about a century, until the 1930s, Kater's pendulum and its various refinements remained the standard method for measuring the strength of the Earth's gravity during geodetic surveys.

Double pendulum

In physics and mathematics, in the area of dynamical systems, a double pendulum also known as a chaos pendulum is a pendulum with another pendulum attached to its end, forming a simple physical system that exhibits rich dynamic behavior with a strong sensitivity to initial conditions. The motion of a double pendulum is governed by a set of coupled ordinary differential equations and is chaotic.

Pendulum (mechanics)

A pendulum is a body suspended from a fixed support so that it swings freely back and forth under the influence of gravity. When a pendulum is displaced sideways from its resting, equilibrium position, it is subject to a restoring force due to gravity that will accelerate it back toward the equilibrium position. When released, the restoring force acting on the pendulum's mass causes it to oscillate about the equilibrium position, swinging it back and forth. The mathematics of pendulums are in general quite complicated.

Resonance

Resonance describes the phenomenon of increased amplitude that occurs when the frequency of an applied periodic force (or a Fourier component of it) is equal or close to a natural frequency of the system on which it acts. When an oscillating force is applied at a resonant frequency of a dynamic system, the system will oscillate at a higher amplitude than when the same force is applied at other, non-resonant frequencies. Frequencies at which the response amplitude is a relative maximum are also known as resonant frequencies or resonance frequencies of the system.