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Lecture# Equilibrium Stability Analysis

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This lecture covers the analysis of equilibrium stability, focusing on understanding the behavior of systems near equilibrium points. It discusses the concept of stability, instability, and low stability, emphasizing the importance of calculating stability for balanced systems. Various examples are provided to illustrate the stability analysis process, highlighting the significance of equilibrium stability in system dynamics.

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Related concepts (54)

MATH-301: Ordinary differential equations

Le cours donne une introduction à la théorie des EDO, y compris existence de solutions locales/globales, comportement asymptotique, étude de la stabilité de points stationnaires et applications, en pa

Various types of stability may be discussed for the solutions of differential equations or difference equations describing dynamical systems. The most important type is that concerning the stability of solutions near to a point of equilibrium. This may be discussed by the theory of Aleksandr Lyapunov. In simple terms, if the solutions that start out near an equilibrium point stay near forever, then is Lyapunov stable. More strongly, if is Lyapunov stable and all solutions that start out near converge to , then is said to be asymptotically stable (see asymptotic analysis).

In economics, economic equilibrium is a situation in which economic forces such as supply and demand are balanced and in the absence of external influences the (equilibrium) values of economic variables will not change. For example, in the standard text perfect competition, equilibrium occurs at the point at which quantity demanded and quantity supplied are equal. Market equilibrium in this case is a condition where a market price is established through competition such that the amount of goods or services sought by buyers is equal to the amount of goods or services produced by sellers.

In economics, general equilibrium theory attempts to explain the behavior of supply, demand, and prices in a whole economy with several or many interacting markets, by seeking to prove that the interaction of demand and supply will result in an overall general equilibrium. General equilibrium theory contrasts with the theory of partial equilibrium, which analyzes a specific part of an economy while its other factors are held constant.

In mathematics, stability theory addresses the stability of solutions of differential equations and of trajectories of dynamical systems under small perturbations of initial conditions. The heat equation, for example, is a stable partial differential equation because small perturbations of initial data lead to small variations in temperature at a later time as a result of the maximum principle. In partial differential equations one may measure the distances between functions using Lp norms or the sup norm, while in differential geometry one may measure the distance between spaces using the Gromov–Hausdorff distance.

In mathematics, specifically in differential equations, an equilibrium point is a constant solution to a differential equation. The point is an equilibrium point for the differential equation if for all . Similarly, the point is an equilibrium point (or fixed point) for the difference equation if for . Equilibria can be classified by looking at the signs of the eigenvalues of the linearization of the equations about the equilibria.

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