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Lecture# Partitioning Equilibrium

Description

This lecture covers the concept of partitioning equilibrium, describing the distribution of compounds between different phases like liquid, gas, and solid. It explains the partitioning equilibrium in terms of concentration ratios, mole fractions, and partial pressure. Various sorption isotherms such as linear, Freundlich, and Langmuir are discussed, along with their applications in describing the equilibrium distribution of dissolved and adsorbed compounds. The lecture also includes exercises on sorption isotherms for specific compounds like benzene and trichloroethylene, as well as the derivation and application of Langmuir sorption isotherm. Additionally, the role of natural organic matter in sorption to particulates and its significance in environmental chemistry is explored.

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Instructors (2)

Thermodynamic equilibrium is an axiomatic concept of thermodynamics. It is an internal state of a single thermodynamic system, or a relation between several thermodynamic systems connected by more or less permeable or impermeable walls. In thermodynamic equilibrium, there are no net macroscopic flows of matter nor of energy within a system or between systems. In a system that is in its own state of internal thermodynamic equilibrium, no macroscopic change occurs.

In probability and statistics, a compound probability distribution (also known as a mixture distribution or contagious distribution) is the probability distribution that results from assuming that a random variable is distributed according to some parametrized distribution, with (some of) the parameters of that distribution themselves being random variables. If the parameter is a scale parameter, the resulting mixture is also called a scale mixture.

In probability theory, a compound Poisson distribution is the probability distribution of the sum of a number of independent identically-distributed random variables, where the number of terms to be added is itself a Poisson-distributed variable. The result can be either a continuous or a discrete distribution. Suppose that i.e., N is a random variable whose distribution is a Poisson distribution with expected value λ, and that are identically distributed random variables that are mutually independent and also independent of N.

In probability theory and statistics, the Dirichlet-multinomial distribution is a family of discrete multivariate probability distributions on a finite support of non-negative integers. It is also called the Dirichlet compound multinomial distribution (DCM) or multivariate Pólya distribution (after George Pólya). It is a compound probability distribution, where a probability vector p is drawn from a Dirichlet distribution with parameter vector , and an observation drawn from a multinomial distribution with probability vector p and number of trials n.

Particulate organic matter (POM) is a fraction of total organic matter operationally defined as that which does not pass through a filter pore size that typically ranges in size from 0.053 millimeters (53 μm) to 2 millimeters. Particulate organic carbon (POC) is a closely related term often used interchangeably with POM. POC refers specifically to the mass of carbon in the particulate organic material, while POM refers to the total mass of the particulate organic matter.

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