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Lecture# Existence and properties of the DTFT

Description

This lecture covers the existence and properties of the Discrete-Time Fourier Transform (DTFT). It explains the conditions for the existence of DTFT, the inversion process, formal basis change, and key properties such as linearity, time shift, modulation, time reversal, and conjugation. Special cases for symmetric and real sequences are also discussed.

Official source

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In MOOCs (4)

Related concepts (49)

Instructors (3)

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Non-uniform discrete Fourier transform

In applied mathematics, the nonuniform discrete Fourier transform (NUDFT or NDFT) of a signal is a type of Fourier transform, related to a discrete Fourier transform or discrete-time Fourier transform, but in which the input signal is not sampled at equally spaced points or frequencies (or both). It is a generalization of the shifted DFT. It has important applications in signal processing, magnetic resonance imaging, and the numerical solution of partial differential equations.

Sequence

In mathematics, a sequence is an enumerated collection of objects in which repetitions are allowed and order matters. Like a set, it contains members (also called elements, or terms). The number of elements (possibly infinite) is called the length of the sequence. Unlike a set, the same elements can appear multiple times at different positions in a sequence, and unlike a set, the order does matter. Formally, a sequence can be defined as a function from natural numbers (the positions of elements in the sequence) to the elements at each position.

Fast Fourier transform

A fast Fourier transform (FFT) is an algorithm that computes the discrete Fourier transform (DFT) of a sequence, or its inverse (IDFT). Fourier analysis converts a signal from its original domain (often time or space) to a representation in the frequency domain and vice versa. The DFT is obtained by decomposing a sequence of values into components of different frequencies. This operation is useful in many fields, but computing it directly from the definition is often too slow to be practical.

Discrete Fourier transform over a ring

In mathematics, the discrete Fourier transform over a ring generalizes the discrete Fourier transform (DFT), of a function whose values are commonly complex numbers, over an arbitrary ring. Let R be any ring, let be an integer, and let be a principal nth root of unity, defined by: The discrete Fourier transform maps an n-tuple of elements of R to another n-tuple of elements of R according to the following formula: By convention, the tuple is said to be in the time domain and the index j is called time.

Modulation

In electronics and telecommunications, modulation is the process of varying one or more properties of a periodic waveform, called the carrier signal, with a separate signal called the modulation signal that typically contains information to be transmitted. For example, the modulation signal might be an audio signal representing sound from a microphone, a video signal representing moving images from a video camera, or a digital signal representing a sequence of binary digits, a bitstream from a computer.