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Lecture# Unitary Group and Spectral Types

Description

This lecture covers the proof that the unitary group generated by a self-adjoint operator provides a unique solution to the Schrödinger equation, Stone's theorem, decomposition of Borel measures, and the definition of spectral types.

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In course

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Quantum mechanics is one of the most successful physical theories. This course presents the mathematical formalism (functional analysis and spectral theory) that underlies quantum mechanics. It is sim

Related concepts (117)

Borel measure

In mathematics, specifically in measure theory, a Borel measure on a topological space is a measure that is defined on all open sets (and thus on all Borel sets). Some authors require additional restrictions on the measure, as described below. Let be a locally compact Hausdorff space, and let be the smallest σ-algebra that contains the open sets of ; this is known as the σ-algebra of Borel sets. A Borel measure is any measure defined on the σ-algebra of Borel sets.

Hermitian adjoint

In mathematics, specifically in operator theory, each linear operator on an inner product space defines a Hermitian adjoint (or adjoint) operator on that space according to the rule where is the inner product on the vector space. The adjoint may also be called the Hermitian conjugate or simply the Hermitian after Charles Hermite. It is often denoted by A† in fields like physics, especially when used in conjunction with bra–ket notation in quantum mechanics.

Self-adjoint

In mathematics, and more specifically in abstract algebra, an element x of a *-algebra is self-adjoint if . A self-adjoint element is also Hermitian, though the reverse doesn't necessarily hold. A collection C of elements of a star-algebra is self-adjoint if it is closed under the involution operation. For example, if then since in a star-algebra, the set {x,y} is a self-adjoint set even though x and y need not be self-adjoint elements. In functional analysis, a linear operator on a Hilbert space is called self-adjoint if it is equal to its own adjoint A^∗.

Borel set

In mathematics, a Borel set is any set in a topological space that can be formed from open sets (or, equivalently, from closed sets) through the operations of countable union, countable intersection, and relative complement. Borel sets are named after Émile Borel. For a topological space X, the collection of all Borel sets on X forms a σ-algebra, known as the Borel algebra or Borel σ-algebra. The Borel algebra on X is the smallest σ-algebra containing all open sets (or, equivalently, all closed sets).

Stone's theorem on one-parameter unitary groups

In mathematics, Stone's theorem on one-parameter unitary groups is a basic theorem of functional analysis that establishes a one-to-one correspondence between self-adjoint operators on a Hilbert space and one-parameter families of unitary operators that are strongly continuous, i.e., and are homomorphisms, i.e., Such one-parameter families are ordinarily referred to as strongly continuous one-parameter unitary groups.

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