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Lecture# Quantum Mechanics: Harmonic Oscillator

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This lecture covers the concept of coherent states of harmonic oscillators, the Ehrenfest theorem, and the connection to classical evolution. It also introduces the path integral formulation and the functional integral, emphasizing the normalization factor and the final results.

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Related concepts (36)

PHYS-425: Quantum physics III

To introduce several advanced topics in quantum physics, including
semiclassical approximation, path integral, scattering theory, and
relativistic quantum mechanics

A Turing machine is a mathematical model of computation describing an abstract machine that manipulates symbols on a strip of tape according to a table of rules. Despite the model's simplicity, it is capable of implementing any computer algorithm. The machine operates on an infinite memory tape divided into discrete cells, each of which can hold a single symbol drawn from a finite set of symbols called the alphabet of the machine. It has a "head" that, at any point in the machine's operation, is positioned over one of these cells, and a "state" selected from a finite set of states.

Alan Mathison Turing (ˈtjʊərɪŋ; 23 June 1912 – 7 June 1954) was an English mathematician, computer scientist, logician, cryptanalyst, philosopher, and theoretical biologist. Turing was highly influential in the development of theoretical computer science, providing a formalisation of the concepts of algorithm and computation with the Turing machine, which can be considered a model of a general-purpose computer. He is widely considered to be the father of theoretical computer science and artificial intelligence.

Turingery or Turing's method (playfully dubbed Turingismus by Peter Ericsson, Peter Hilton and Donald Michie) was a manual codebreaking method devised in July 1942 by the mathematician and cryptanalyst Alan Turing at the British Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park during World War II. It was for use in cryptanalysis of the Lorenz cipher produced by the SZ40 and SZ42 teleprinter rotor stream cipher machines, one of the Germans' Geheimschreiber (secret writer) machines.

The bombe (UKbɒmb) was an electro-mechanical device used by British cryptologists to help decipher German Enigma-machine-encrypted secret messages during World War II. The US Navy and US Army later produced their own machines to the same functional specification, albeit engineered differently both from each other and from Polish and British bombes. The British bombe was developed from a device known as the "bomba" (bomba kryptologiczna), which had been designed in Poland at the Biuro Szyfrów (Cipher Bureau) by cryptologist Marian Rejewski, who had been breaking German Enigma messages for the previous seven years, using it and earlier machines.

In physics, a squeezed coherent state is a quantum state that is usually described by two non-commuting observables having continuous spectra of eigenvalues. Examples are position and momentum of a particle, and the (dimension-less) electric field in the amplitude (phase 0) and in the mode (phase 90°) of a light wave (the wave's quadratures). The product of the standard deviations of two such operators obeys the uncertainty principle: and , respectively.

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Covers the evolution of operators in the Heisenberg picture and coherent states of the harmonic oscillator.

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Explores the Eigenstate Thermalization Hypothesis in quantum systems, emphasizing the random matrix theory and the behavior of observables in thermal equilibrium.

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Explores the Ehrenfest Theorem, connecting quantum and classical mechanics through expectation values and harmonic oscillator dynamics.