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Person# Amélie Tamone

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Redshift

In physics, a redshift is an increase in the wavelength, and corresponding decrease in the frequency and photon energy, of electromagnetic radiation (such as light). The opposite change, a decreas

Lambda-CDM model

The ΛCDM (Lambda cold dark matter) or Lambda-CDM model is a parameterization of the Big Bang cosmological model in which the universe contains three major components: first, a cosmological constant

Baryon acoustic oscillations

In cosmology, baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) are fluctuations in the density of the visible baryonic matter (normal matter) of the universe, caused by acoustic density waves in the primordial pl

Spectroscopic surveys aim to map large fractions of the Universe to study the Large Scale Structures (LSS). LSS evolution traces the distribution of matter as a result of the tension between the expansion of the Universe and the gravitational forces, which means that LSS can be used to test cosmological and gravity model, in particular the standard model of cosmology ($\Lambda$CDM) with General Relativity (GR). One usual way to study those LSS is to quantify the clustering of the galaxies with the 2-point correlation function (2PCF). The Baryon Acoustic Oscillations (BAO) signature is characterised as a peak in the 2PCF, whose position is related to the Hubble parameter. Moreover, Redshift Space Distortions (RSD) are imprinted in the 2PCF and are used to measure the growth rate of structure of the Universe. In this thesis I measured the growth rate of structure of the emission line galaxy (ELG) sample of the extended Baryon Oscillation Spectroscopic Survey (eBOSS) from RSD in configuration space. I was able along with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) collaboration to participate to the final cosmological implication of the past 20 years of SDSS. By a combination of probes, the current cosmological parameters were then constrained with a high precision, outpassing the expected constraints for Stage-III dark energy experiment.Moreover I performed a BAO analysis with voids, tracing the underdensities in the quasars (QSO) sample of eBOSS. While the method was shown to bring great improvement on other tracers, it reveals itself more difficult to deal with quasars due to their low density. I was nevertheless able to detect a BAO signal and to provide forecast for a QSO sample from a DESI-like (Dark Energy Spectroscopic Instrument) experiment.

Daniel Felipe Forero Sanchez, Jean-Paul Richard Kneib, Amélie Tamone, Andrei Variu, Cheng Zhao

Baryonic Acoustic Oscillations (BAOs) studies based on the clustering of voids and matter tracers provide important constraints on cosmological parameters related to the expansion of the Universe. However, modelling the void exclusion effect is an important challenge for fully exploiting the potential of this kind of analyses. We thus develop two numerical methods to describe the clustering of cosmic voids. Neither model requires additional cosmological information beyond that assumed within the galaxy de-wiggled model. The models consist in power spectra whose performance we assess in comparison to a parabolic model on Patchy cubic and light-cone mocks. Moreover, we test their robustness against systematic effects and the reconstruction technique. The void model power spectra and the parabolic model with a fixed parameter provide strongly correlated values for the Alcock-Paczynski (alpha) parameter, for boxes and light-cones likewise. The resulting alpha values - for all three models - are unbiased and their uncertainties are correctly estimated. However, the numerical models show less variation with the fitting range compared to the parabolic one. The Bayesian evidence suggests that the numerical techniques are often favoured compared to the parabolic model. Moreover, the void model power spectra computed on boxes can describe the void clustering from light-cones as well as from boxes. The same void model power spectra can be used for the study of pre- and post-reconstructed data-sets. Lastly, the two numerical techniques are resilient against the studied systematic effects. Consequently, using either of the two new void models, one can more robustly measure cosmological parameters.

Daniel Felipe Forero Sanchez, Jean-Paul Richard Kneib, Amélie Tamone, Andrei Variu, Cheng Zhao

Cosmic voids defined as a subset of Delaunay triangulation (DT) circumspheres have been used to measure the baryon acoustic oscillations (BAO) scale; providing tighter constraints on cosmological parameters when combined with matter tracers. These voids are defined as spheres larger than a given radius threshold, which is constant over the survey volume. However, the response of these void tracers to observational systematics has not yet been studied. In this work, we analyse the response of void clustering to selection effects. We find for the case of moderate (