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Person# Rafael Vazquez Hernandez

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MATH-456: Numerical analysis and computational mathematics

The course provides an introduction to scientific computing. Several numerical methods are presented for the computer solution of mathematical problems arising in different applications. The software MATLAB is used to solve the problems and verify the theoretical properties of the numerical methods.

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Finite element method

The finite element method (FEM) is a popular method for numerically solving differential equations arising in engineering and mathematical modeling. Typical problem areas of interest include the tr

Geometry

Geometry (; ) is a branch of mathematics concerned with properties of space such as the distance, shape, size, and relative position of figures. Geometry is, along with arithmetic, one of the oldest b

Analysis

Analysis (: analyses) is the process of breaking a complex topic or substance into smaller parts in order to gain a better understanding of it. The technique has been applied in the study of mathema

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Bernard Kapidani, Rafael Vazquez Hernandez

We introduce a high-order spline geometric approach for the initial boundary value problem for Maxwell's equations. The method is geometric in the sense that it discretizes in structure preserving fashion the two de Rham sequences of differential forms involved in the formulation of the continuous system. Both the AmpereMaxwell and the Faraday equations are required to hold strongly, while to make the system solvable two discrete Hodge star operators are used. By exploiting the properties of the chosen spline spaces and concepts from exterior calculus, a non-standard explicit in time formulation is introduced, based on the solution of linear systems with matrices presenting Kronecker product structure, rather than mass matrices as in the standard literature. These matrices arise from the application of the exterior (wedge) product in the discrete setting, and they present Kronecker product structure independently of the geometry of the domain or the material parameters. The resulting scheme preserves the desirable energy conservation properties of the known approaches. The computational advantages of the newly proposed scheme are studied both through a complexity analysis and through numerical experiments in three dimensions.

2023Isogeometric analysis is a powerful paradigm which exploits the high smoothness of splines for the numerical solution of high order partial differential equations. However, the tensor-product structure of standard multivariate B-spline models is not well suited for the representation of complex geometries, and to maintain high continuity on general domains special constructions on multi-patch geometries must be used. In this paper, we focus on adaptive isogeometric methods with hierarchical splines, and extend the construction of C-1 isogeometric spline spaces on multi-patch planar domains to the hierarchical setting. We replace the hypothesis of local linear independence for the basis of each level by a weaker assumption, which still ensures the linear independence of hierarchical splines. We also develop a refinement algorithm that guarantees that the assumption is fulfilled by C-1 splines on certain suitably graded hierarchical multi-patch mesh configurations, and prove that it has linear complexity. The performance of the adaptive method is tested by solving the Poisson and the biharmonic problems.

Annalisa Buffa, Ondine Gabrielle Chanon, Rafael Vazquez Hernandez

Removing geometrical details from a complex domain is a classical operation in computer aided design for simulation and manufacturing. This procedure simplifies the meshing process, and it enables faster simulations with less memory requirements. But depending on the partial differential equation that one wants to solve, removing some important geometrical features may greatly impact the solution accuracy. For instance, in solid mechanics simulations, such features can be holes or fillets near stress concentration regions. Unfortunately, the effect of geometrical simplification on the accuracy of the problem solution is often neglected, or its evaluation is based on engineering expertise only due to the lack of reliable tools. It is therefore important to have a better understanding of the effect of geometrical model simplification, also called defeaturing, to improve our control on the simulation accuracy along the design and analysis phase. In this work, we consider the Poisson equation as a model problem, we focus on isogeometric discretizations, and we build an adaptive strategy that is twofold. Firstly, it performs standard mesh refinement in a (potentially trimmed multipatch) defeatured geometry described via truncated hierarchical B-splines. Secondly, it is also able to perform geometrical refinement, that is, to choose at each iteration step which geometrical feature is important to obtain an accurate solution. To drive this adaptive strategy, we introduce an a posteriori estimator of the energy error between the exact solution defined in the exact fully-featured geometry, and the numerical approximation of the solution defined in the defeatured geometry. The reliability of the estimator is proven for very general geometric configurations, and numerical experiments are performed to validate the presented theory and to illustrate the capabilities of the proposed adaptive strategy.

2022