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Person# Irina Safiulina

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Related publications (3)

Related research domains (1)

Magnetism

Magnetism is the class of physical attributes that occur through a magnetic field, which allows objects to attract or repel each other. Because both electric currents and magnetic moments of elementary particles give rise to a magnetic field, magnetism is one of two aspects of electromagnetism. The most familiar effects occur in ferromagnetic materials, which are strongly attracted by magnetic fields and can be magnetized to become permanent magnets, producing magnetic fields themselves.

Irina Safiulina, Artem Korshunov

An experimental study of long-range magnetic order formation mechanisms in a layered structure with a honeycomb arrangement of the magnetic atoms Na2Ni2TeO6 is conducted. For the first time, the strong spin correlations are directly observed above the Neel temperature T-N that is manifested in the presence of broad diffuse peaks on neutron diffraction patterns obtained with the XYZ polarization analysis. Due to the possibility of separating the magnetic, nuclear incoherent, and nuclear coherent contributions to the total neutron scattering cross section, it is unequivocally established that the observed diffuse scattering has magnetic nature. The spin-pair correlation function is reconstructed by modeling diffuse neutron scattering on Na2Ni2TeO6 with reverse Monte Carlo method. The obtained results indicate 2D nature of the magnetic correlations, and moreover, the symmetry of short-range magnetic state corresponds to long-range zigzag-type magnetic order in the honeycomb net, which is established earlier based on the theoretical calculations.

Quantum magnetism remains a hot topic in condensed matter physics due to its complexity and possible powerful and significant applications in data storage and memory. To understand how the materials can achieve these goals, one should have a clear idea about the fundamentals behind it. In this thesis, we focus on three examples that can help us deepen the knowledge in many-body effects, which stand to be crucial for quantum magnetism.(1) The well-known \textbf{CuSO$_4\cdot$5D$_2$O} material has already demonstrated the model behaviour as one-dimensional Heisenberg antiferromagnet in zero and high ($H>H_{sat}$) fields. The fully-polarized magnetic ground state is described by linear spin-wave theory with magnons, whereas at zero field, the excitations are pairs of topological excitations called spinons. In an intermediate field, the dynamic properties are even more complicated. The inelastic spectrum cannot be reproduced without considering exotic elementary excitations and bound states such as psinons and Bethe strings. Although Bethe in 1931 provided an exact solution for 1D Heisenberg systems, there is still no quantitative comparison between theory and experiment.(2) The magnetic ground state and hence the dynamic properties of the gemstone mineral green dioptase, \textbf{Cu$_6[$Si$_6$O$_{18}]\cdot6$H$_2$O} are under debate: starting from controversial theories and continuing with non-explained experimental observations. Dioptase is a quasi-one-dimensional spin chain with dominant antiferromagnetic interactions. Recent studies claim the classical spin chain behaviour and absence of any quantum fluctuations in the system. In contrast, our experimental findings indicate the presence of continuous excitations above and below T$_N$.(3) Newly synthesized material \textbf{CuSb$_2$O$_6$} of rosiaite-type structure tends to become a quantum spin-liquid (QSL) candidate since the magnetic cations Cu$^{2+}$ are arranged in trigonal layers, and no long-range order is observed down to 2~K. The idea of QSL on the triangular lattice was proposed by P. Anderson in 1973. Since his work, a lot of efforts have been made to explore deeper, both theoretically and experimentally, this state. As for now, there are several requirements needed to be met -- small spin number, absence of long-range order or spin freezing, long-range entanglement, and the associated fractional spin excitations. We aim to establish whether or not CuSb$_2$O$_6$ can be considered as a potential quantum spin-liquid candidate employing different techniques suitable for a powder sample.

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Long-range magnetic ordering and short-range spin correlations in layered noncentrosymmetric orthogermanate Li2MnGeO4 were studied by means of polarized and unpolarized neutron scattering. The combined Rietveld refinement of synchrotron and neutron powder diffraction data at room temperature within the Pmn2(1) space group allowed us to specify the details of the crystal structure. According to the additional Bragg peaks in low-temperature neutron diffraction patterns a long-range antiferromagnetic ordering with the propagation vector k = (1/2 1/2 1/2) has been found below T-N approximate to 8 K. Symmetry analysis revealed the model of the ground state spin structure within the C(a)c (no. 9.41) magnetic space group. It is represented by the noncollinear ordering of manganese atoms with a refined magnetic moment of 4.9 mu(B)/Mn2+ at 1.7 K, which corresponds to the saturated value for the high-spin configuration S = 5/2. Diffuse magnetic scattering was detected on the neutron diffraction patterns at temperatures just above T-N. Its temperature evolution was investigated in detail by polarized neutron scattering with the following XYZ-polarization analysis. Reverse Monte Carlo simulation of diffuse scattering data showed the development of short-range ordering in Li2MnGeO4, which is symmetry consistent on a small scale with the long-range magnetic state below T-N. The reconstructed radial spin-pair correlation function S(0)S(r) displayed the predominant role of antiferromagnetic correlations. It was found that spin correlations are significant only for the nearest magnetic neighbors and almost disappear at r approximate to 12 angstrom at 10 K. Temperature dependence of the diffuse scattering implies short-range ordering long before the magnetic phase transition. Besides, the spin arrangement was found to be similar in both cases above and below T-N. As a result, an exhaustive picture of the gradual formation of magnetic ordering in Li2MnGeO4 is presented.

2020