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Publication# Loss Tomography in General Topologies with Network Coding

Abstract

Network tomography infers internal network characteristics by sending and collecting probe packets from the network edge. Traditional tomographic techniques for general topologies typically use a mesh of multicast trees and/or unicast paths to cover the entire graph, which is suboptimal from the point of view of bandwidth efficiency and estimation accuracy. In this paper, we investigate an active probing method for link loss inference in a general topology, where multiple sources and receivers are used and intermediate nodes are equipped with network coding, in addition to unicast and multicast, capabilities. With our approach, each link is traversed by exactly one packet, which is in general a linear combination of the original probes. The receivers infer the loss rate on all links by observing not only the number but also the contents of the received probes. In this paper: (i) we propose an orientation algorithm that creates an acyclic graph with the maximum number of identifiable edges (ii) we define probe combining coding schemes and discuss some of their properties and (iii) we present simulation results over realistic topologies using Belief-Propagation (BP) algorithms.

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Related concepts (39)

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Orientation (graph theory)

In graph theory, an orientation of an undirected graph is an assignment of a direction to each edge, turning the initial graph into a directed graph. A directed graph is called an oriented graph if none of its pairs of vertices is linked by two symmetric edges. Among directed graphs, the oriented graphs are the ones that have no 2-cycles (that is at most one of (x, y) and (y, x) may be arrows of the graph). A tournament is an orientation of a complete graph. A polytree is an orientation of an undirected tree.

General topology

In mathematics, general topology (or point set topology) is the branch of topology that deals with the basic set-theoretic definitions and constructions used in topology. It is the foundation of most other branches of topology, including differential topology, geometric topology, and algebraic topology. The fundamental concepts in point-set topology are continuity, compactness, and connectedness: Continuous functions, intuitively, take nearby points to nearby points.

Directed acyclic graph

In mathematics, particularly graph theory, and computer science, a directed acyclic graph (DAG) is a directed graph with no directed cycles. That is, it consists of vertices and edges (also called arcs), with each edge directed from one vertex to another, such that following those directions will never form a closed loop. A directed graph is a DAG if and only if it can be topologically ordered, by arranging the vertices as a linear ordering that is consistent with all edge directions.

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