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Publication# Effective models for the multidimensional wave equation in heterogeneous media over long time and numerical homogenization

Abstract

A family of effective equations that capture the long time dispersive effects of wave propagation in heterogeneous media in an arbitrary large periodic spatial domain Omega subset of R-d is proposed and analyzed. For a wave equation with highly oscillatory periodic spatial tensors of characteristic length epsilon, we prove that the solution of any member of our family of effective equations is epsilon-close to the true oscillatory wave over a time interval of length T-epsilon = O(epsilon(-2)) in a norm equivalent to the L-infinity(0, T-epsilon; L-2(Omega)) norm. We show that the previously derived effective equation in [T. Dohnal, A. Lamacz and B. Schweizer, Bloch-wave homogenization on large time scales and dispersive effective wave equations, Multiscale Model. Simulat. 12 (2014) 488-513] belongs to our family of effective equations. Moreover, while Bloch wave techniques were previously used, we show that asymptotic expansion techniques give an alternative way to derive such effective equations. An algorithm to compute the tensors involved in the dispersive equation and allowing for efficient numerical homogenization methods over long time is proposed.

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Ontological neighbourhood

Wave

In physics, mathematics, engineering, and related fields, a wave is a propagating dynamic disturbance (change from equilibrium) of one or more quantities. Waves can be periodic, in which case those quantities oscillate repeatedly about an equilibrium (resting) value at some frequency. When the entire waveform moves in one direction, it is said to be a traveling wave; by contrast, a pair of superimposed periodic waves traveling in opposite directions makes a standing wave.

Epsilon

Epsilon (ˈɛpsᵻlɒn, UKalsoɛpˈsaɪlən; uppercase Ε, lowercase ε or lunate ε; έψιλον) is the fifth letter of the Greek alphabet, corresponding phonetically to a mid front unrounded vowel e̞ or ɛ̝. In the system of Greek numerals it also has the value five. It was derived from the Phoenician letter He . Letters that arose from epsilon include the Roman E, Ë and Ɛ, and Cyrillic Е, È, Ё, Є and Э.

Wave vector

In physics, a wave vector (or wavevector) is a vector used in describing a wave, with a typical unit being cycle per metre. It has a magnitude and direction. Its magnitude is the wavenumber of the wave (inversely proportional to the wavelength), and its direction is perpendicular to the wavefront. In isotropic media, this is also the direction of wave propagation. A closely related vector is the angular wave vector (or angular wavevector), with a typical unit being radian per metre.

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