**Are you an EPFL student looking for a semester project?**

Work with us on data science and visualisation projects, and deploy your project as an app on top of GraphSearch.

Publication# Backreaction of electromagnetic fields and the Schwinger effect in pseudoscalar inflation magnetogenesis

Abstract

We study magnetogenesis in axionlike inflation driven by a pseudoscalar field phi coupled axially to the electromagnetic (EM) field (beta/M-p)phi F-mu nu(F) over tilde mu nu with dimensionless coupling constant beta. A set of equations for the inflaton field, scale factor, and expectation values of quadratic functions of the EM field is derived. These equations take into account the Schwinger effect and the backreaction of generated EM fields on the Universe expansion. It is found that the backreaction becomes important when the EM energy density reaches the value rho(EM) similar to (root 2 epsilon/beta)rho(inf) (epsilon is the slow-roll parameter and rho(inf) is the energy density of the inflaton) slowing down the inflaton rolling and terminating magnetogenesis. The Schwinger effect becomes relevant when the electric energy density exceeds the value rho(E) similar to alpha(-3)(EM)(rho(2)(tot)/M-p(4)), where rho(tot) = 3H(2)M(p)(2) is the total energy density and alpha(EM) is the EM coupling constant. For large beta, produced charged particles could constitute a significant part of the Universe energy density even before the preheating stage. Numerically studying magnetogenesis in the alpha-attractor model of inflation, we find that it is possible to generate helical magnetic fields with the maximal strength 10(-15) G, however, only with the correlation length of order 1 pc at present.

Official source

This page is automatically generated and may contain information that is not correct, complete, up-to-date, or relevant to your search query. The same applies to every other page on this website. Please make sure to verify the information with EPFL's official sources.

Related concepts

Loading

Related publications

Loading

Related MOOCs

Loading

Related publications (16)

Related MOOCs (18)

Related concepts (12)

Loading

Loading

Loading

Plasma Physics: Introduction

Learn the basics of plasma, one of the fundamental states of matter, and the different types of models used to describe it, including fluid and kinetic.

Plasma Physics: Introduction

Learn the basics of plasma, one of the fundamental states of matter, and the different types of models used to describe it, including fluid and kinetic.

Plasma Physics: Applications

Learn about plasma applications from nuclear fusion powering the sun, to making integrated circuits, to generating electricity.

An electromagnetic field (also EM field or EMF) is a classical (i.e. non-quantum) field produced by moving electric charges. It is the field described by classical electrodynamics (a classical field theory) and is the classical counterpart to the quantized electromagnetic field tensor in quantum electrodynamics (a quantum field theory). The electromagnetic field propagates at the speed of light (in fact, this field can be identified as light) and interacts with charges and currents.

In physics, electromagnetism is an interaction that occurs between particles with electric charge via electromagnetic fields. The electromagnetic force is one of the four fundamental forces of nature. It is the dominant force in the interactions of atoms and molecules. Electromagnetism can be thought of as a combination of electrostatics and magnetism, two distinct but closely intertwined phenomena.

In physics, energy density is the amount of energy stored in a given system or region of space per unit volume. It is sometimes confused with energy per unit mass which is properly called specific energy or . Often only the useful or extractable energy is measured, which is to say that inaccessible energy (such as rest mass energy) is ignored. In cosmological and other general relativistic contexts, however, the energy densities considered are those that correspond to the elements of the stress-energy tensor and therefore do include mass energy as well as energy densities associated with pressure.

Nikolaos Charitonidis, Philippe Jean Schoofs, Francesco Cerutti, André Donadon Servelle

FLUKA is a general purpose Monte Carlo code able to describe the transport and interaction of any particle and nucleus type in complex geometries over an energy range extending from thermal neutrons t

We study causality in gravitational systems beyond the classical limit. Using on-shell methods, we consider the 1-loop corrections from charged particles to the photon energy-momentum tensor - the sel

2022In the framework of Higgs inflation, we consider the electromagnetic field nonminimally coupled to gravity via the parity-preserving proportional to RF2 and parity-violating proportional to RF (F) ove

2021