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Publication# On the relaxed maximum-likelihood blind MIMO channel estimation for orthogonal space-time block codes

Abstract

This paper concerns the maximum-likelihood channel estimation for MIMO systems with orthogonal space-time block codes when the finite alphabet constraint of the signal constellation is relaxed. We study the channel coefficients estimation subspace generated by this method. We provide an algebraic characterisation of this subspace which turns the optimization problem into a purely algebraic one and more importantly, leads to several interesting analytical proofs. We prove that with probability one, the dimension of the estimation subspace for the channel coefficients is deterministic and it decreases by increasing the number of receive antennas up to a certain critical number of receive antennas, after which the dimension remains constant. In fact, we show that beyond this critical number of receive antennas, the estimation subspace for the channel coefficients is isometric to a fixed deterministic invariant space which can be easily computed for every specific OSTB code. (C) 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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Related concepts (5)

Determinism

Determinism is the philosophical view that events are completely determined by previously existing causes. Deterministic theories throughout the history of philosophy have developed from diverse and sometimes overlapping motives and considerations. Like eternalism, determinism focuses on particular events rather than the future as a concept. The opposite of determinism is indeterminism, or the view that events are not deterministically caused but rather occur due to chance.

Dimension

In physics and mathematics, the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it. Thus, a line has a dimension of one (1D) because only one coordinate is needed to specify a point on it - for example, the point at 5 on a number line. A surface, such as the boundary of a cylinder or sphere, has a dimension of two (2D) because two coordinates are needed to specify a point on it - for example, both a latitude and longitude are required to locate a point on the surface of a sphere.

Number

A number is a mathematical object used to count, measure, and label. The original examples are the natural numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, and so forth. Numbers can be represented in language with number words. More universally, individual numbers can be represented by symbols, called numerals; for example, "5" is a numeral that represents the number five. As only a relatively small number of symbols can be memorized, basic numerals are commonly organized in a numeral system, which is an organized way to represent any number.