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Publication# A Numerical Model For The Simulation Of Shallow Laser Surface Melting

Abstract

We present a multi-physics model for the approximation of the coupled system formed by the temperature-dependent Navier-Stokes equations with free surfaces. The main application is the industrial process of shallow laser surface melting (SLSM), for laser polishing of metal surfaces. We consider incompressible flow equations with solidification, and we model the laser source through physically-consistent boundary conditions. We incorporate Marangoni effects in the surface tension model to drive internal motion in the liquid metal. The numerical method relies on an operator splitting strategy and a two-grid approach. A proof of concept of the numerical model is achieved through a static laser melting process.

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Related MOOCs (4)

Related concepts (5)

Numerical Analysis for Engineers

Ce cours contient les 7 premiers chapitres d'un cours d'analyse numérique donné aux étudiants bachelor de l'EPFL. Des outils de base sont décrits dans les chapitres 1 à 5. La résolution numérique d'éq

Numerical Analysis for Engineers

Ce cours contient les 7 premiers chapitres d'un cours d'analyse numérique donné aux étudiants bachelor de l'EPFL. Des outils de base sont décrits dans les chapitres 1 à 5. La résolution numérique d'éq

Numerical Analysis for Engineers

Ce cours contient les 7 premiers chapitres d'un cours d'analyse numérique donné aux étudiants bachelor de l'EPFL. Des outils de base sont décrits dans les chapitres 1 à 5. La résolution numérique d'éq

Numerical analysis is the study of algorithms that use numerical approximation (as opposed to symbolic manipulations) for the problems of mathematical analysis (as distinguished from discrete mathematics). It is the study of numerical methods that attempt at finding approximate solutions of problems rather than the exact ones. Numerical analysis finds application in all fields of engineering and the physical sciences, and in the 21st century also the life and social sciences, medicine, business and even the arts.

In physics, a free surface is the surface of a fluid that is subject to zero parallel shear stress, such as the interface between two homogeneous fluids. An example of two such homogeneous fluids would be a body of water (liquid) and the air in the Earth's atmosphere (gas mixture). Unlike liquids, gases cannot form a free surface on their own. Fluidized/liquified solids, including slurries, granular materials, and powders may form a free surface. A liquid in a gravitational field will form a free surface if unconfined from above.

The Navier–Stokes equations (nævˈjeː_stəʊks ) are partial differential equations which describe the motion of viscous fluid substances, named after French engineer and physicist Claude-Louis Navier and Irish physicist and mathematician George Gabriel Stokes. They were developed over several decades of progressively building the theories, from 1822 (Navier) to 1842-1850 (Stokes). The Navier–Stokes equations mathematically express momentum balance and conservation of mass for Newtonian fluids.