**Are you an EPFL student looking for a semester project?**

Work with us on data science and visualisation projects, and deploy your project as an app on top of GraphSearch.

Publication# Why choosing the right partner is important: stabilization of ternary Cs(y)GUA(x)FA((1-y-x))PbI(3)perovskites

Abstract

Lead halide perovskites with mixtures of monovalent cations have attracted wide attention due to the possibility of preferentially stabilizing the perovskite phase with respect to photovoltaically less suitable competing phases. Here, we present a theoretical analysis and interpretation of the phase stability of binary (CH6N3)(x)HC(NH2)(2)PbI3= GUA(x)FA((1-x))PbI(3)and ternary Cs(y)GUA(x)FA((1-y-x))PbI(3)mixtures. We first estimate if such mixtures are stable and if they lead to a stabilization of the perovskite phase based on static Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations. In order to investigate the finite temperature stability of the phases, we also employ first-principles molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. It turns out that in contrast to the FA(+)-rich case of FA/Cs mixtures, although mixing of FA/GUA is possible, it is not sufficient to stabilize the perovskite phase at room temperature. In contrast, stable ternary mixtures that contain 17% of Cs(+)can be formed that lead to a preferential stabilization of the perovskite phase. In such a way, the enthalpic destabilization due to the introduction of a too large/too small cation that lies outside the Goldschmidt tolerance range can be (partially) compensated through the introduction of a third cation with complementary size. This allows to suggest a new design principle for the preparation of stable perovskite structures at room temperature with cations that lie outside the Goldschmidt range through mixtures with size-complementary cations in such a way that the effective average cation radius of the mixture lies within the stability range.

Official source

This page is automatically generated and may contain information that is not correct, complete, up-to-date, or relevant to your search query. The same applies to every other page on this website. Please make sure to verify the information with EPFL's official sources.

Related concepts (2)

Density functional theory

Density-functional theory (DFT) is a computational quantum mechanical modelling method used in physics, chemistry and materials science to investigate the electronic structure (or nuclear structure) (principally the ground state) of many-body systems, in particular atoms, molecules, and the condensed phases. Using this theory, the properties of a many-electron system can be determined by using functionals, i.e. functions of another function. In the case of DFT, these are functionals of the spatially dependent electron density.

Molecular dynamics

Molecular dynamics (MD) is a computer simulation method for analyzing the physical movements of atoms and molecules. The atoms and molecules are allowed to interact for a fixed period of time, giving a view of the dynamic "evolution" of the system. In the most common version, the trajectories of atoms and molecules are determined by numerically solving Newton's equations of motion for a system of interacting particles, where forces between the particles and their potential energies are often calculated using interatomic potentials or molecular mechanical force fields.