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Publication# Prediction of Local Bundle Boiling Heat Transfer Coefficients: Pure Refrigerant Boiling on Plain, Low Fin and Turbo-BII HP Tube Bundles

Abstract

New correlations predicting the local boiling heat transfer coefficients for vertical flow over a tube bundle have been developed. These correlations were developed for three different classes of tubes: smooth, low-finned, and Turbo-BII HP. These correlations are based on experiments with refrigerants R-134a, R-507A, and R-410A, at a saturation temperature of 4.4°C (40°F). Each one accounts for the local flow structure and/or local geometry particular to each tube. Each one also uses a void fraction model designed specifically for vertical two-phase flow in a tube bundle as an integral part of the correlation. The correlations have been compared to recent local bundle boiling data and show good agreement to within ± 20%.

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SES Swiss-Energyscope

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Refrigerant

A refrigerant is a working fluid used in the refrigeration cycle of air conditioning systems and heat pumps where in most cases they undergo a repeated phase transition from a liquid to a gas and back again. Refrigerants are heavily regulated due to their toxicity, flammability and the contribution of CFC and HCFC refrigerants to ozone depletion and that of HFC refrigerants to climate change. Refrigerants are used in a direct expansion (DX) system to transfer energy from one environment to another, typically from inside a building to outside (or vice versa) commonly known as an "air conditioner" or "heat pump".

Differential geometry

Differential geometry is a mathematical discipline that studies the geometry of smooth shapes and smooth spaces, otherwise known as smooth manifolds. It uses the techniques of differential calculus, integral calculus, linear algebra and multilinear algebra. The field has its origins in the study of spherical geometry as far back as antiquity. It also relates to astronomy, the geodesy of the Earth, and later the study of hyperbolic geometry by Lobachevsky.

Riemannian geometry

Riemannian geometry is the branch of differential geometry that studies Riemannian manifolds, defined as smooth manifolds with a Riemannian metric (an inner product on the tangent space at each point that varies smoothly from point to point). This gives, in particular, local notions of angle, length of curves, surface area and volume. From those, some other global quantities can be derived by integrating local contributions.

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