Concept

Extreme poverty

Résumé
Extreme poverty is the most severe type of poverty, defined by the United Nations (UN) as "a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation facilities, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services". Historically, other definitions have been proposed within the United Nations. In 2018, extreme poverty mainly refers to an income below the international poverty line of 1.90perday(in2011prices,1.90 per day (in 2011 prices, in dollars), set by the World Bank. In October 2017, the World Bank updated the international poverty line, a global absolute minimum, to 1.90aday.Thisistheequivalentof1.90 a day. This is the equivalent of 1.00 a day in 1996 US prices, hence the widely used expression "living on less than a dollar a day". The vast majority of those in extreme poverty reside in South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. As of 2018, it is estimated that the country with the most people living in extreme poverty i
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