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Personne# Rüdiger Urbanke

Biographie

Rüdiger L. Urbanke obtained his Dipl. Ing. degree from the Vienna University of Technology, Austria in 1990 and the M.Sc. and PhD degrees in Electrical Engineering from Washington University in St. Louis, MO, in 1992 and 1995, respectively. He held a position at the Mathematics of Communications Department at Bell Labs from 1995 till 1999 before becoming a faculty member at the School of Computer & Communication Sciences (I&C) of EPFL. He is a member of the Information Processing Group. He is principally interested in the analysis and design of iterative coding schemes, which allow reliable transmission close to theoretical limits at low complexities. Such schemes are part of most modern communications standards, including wireless transmission, optical communication and hard disk storage. More broadly, his research focuses on the analysis of graphical models and the application of methods from statistical physics to problems in communications. From 2000-2004 he was an Associate Editor of the IEEE Transactions on Information Theory and he is currently on the board of the series "Foundations and Trends in Communications and Information Theory." In 2017 he was President of the Information Theory Society. From 2009 till 2012 he was the head of the I&C doctoral school, in 2013 he served as Dean a. i. of I&C, and since 2016 he is the Associated Dean for teaching of I&C. He is a co-author of the book "Modern Coding Theory" published by Cambridge University Press. Awards: 2021 IEEE Information Theory Society Paper Award 2016 STOC Best Paper Award 2014 La Polysphere Teaching Award 2014 IEEE Hamming Medal 2013 IEEE Information Theory Society Paper Award 2011 MASCO Best Paper Award 2011 IEEE Koji Kobayashi Award 2009 La Polysphere Teaching Award 2002 IEEE Information Theory Society Paper Award Fulbright Scholarship My students have won the following awards: M. Mondelli, 2021 IEEE Information Theory Paper Award M. Mondelli, EPFL Doctorate Award 2018 M. Mondelli, Patrick Denantes Award, 2017 M. Mondelli, IEEE IT Society Student Paper Award at ISIT, 2015 M. Mondelli, Dan David Prize Scholarship, 2015 H. Hassani, Inaugural Thomas Cover Dissertation Award, 2014 S. Kudekar, 2013 & 2021 IEEE Information Theory Paper Award A. Karbasi, Patrick Denantes Award, 2013 V. Venkatesan, Best Paper Award at MASCOTS, 2011 A. Karbasi, Best Student Paper Award at ICASSP, 2011 (with R. Parhizkar) A. Karbasi, Best Student Paper Award at ACM SIGMETRICS, 2010 (with S. Oh) S. Korada, ABB Dissertation Award, 2010 S. Korada, IEEE IT Society Student Paper Award at ISIT, 2009 (with E. Sasoglu) S. Korada, IEEE IT Society Student Paper Award at ISIT, 2008

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Domaines de recherche associés (64)

In coding theory and information theory, a binary erasure channel (BEC) is a communications channel model. A transmitter sends a bit (a zero or a one), and the receiver either receives the bit corre

Dans la théorie de l'information, un contrôle de parité de faible densité LDPC est un code linéaire correcteur d'erreur, permettant la transmission d'information sur un canal de transmission bruité.

vignette|redresse|Code morse international.
En sciences et techniques, notamment en informatique et en théorie de l'information, un code est une règle de transcription qui, à tout symbole d'un jeu de

Cours enseignés par cette personne (3)

COM-406: Foundations of Data Science

We discuss a set of topics that are important for the understanding of modern data science but that are typically not taught in an introductory ML course. In particular we discuss fundamental ideas and techniques that come from probability, information theory as well as signal processing.

COM-712: Statistical Physics for Communication and Computer Science

The course introduces the student to notions of statistical physics which have found applications in communications and computer science. We focus on graphical models with the emergence of phase transitions, and their relation to the behavior of efficient algorithms.

CS-526: Learning theory

Machine learning and data analysis are becoming increasingly central in many sciences and applications. This course concentrates on the theoretical underpinnings of machine learning.

Publications associées (175)

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Kirill Ivanov, Rüdiger Urbanke

The recently introduced polar codes constitute a breakthrough in coding theory due to their capacity-achieving property. This goes hand in hand with a quasilinear construction, encoding, and successive cancellation list decoding procedures based on the Plotkin construction. The decoding algorithm can be applied with slight modifications to Reed-Muller or eBCH codes, that both achieve the capacity of erasure channels, although the list size needed for good performance grows too fast to make the decoding practical even for moderate block lengths. The key ingredient for proving the capacity-achieving property of Reed-Muller and eBCH codes is their group of symmetries. It can be plugged into the concept of Plotkin decomposition to design various permutation decoding algorithms. Although such techniques allow to outperform the straightforward polar-like decoding, the complexity stays impractical. In this paper, we show that although invariance under a large automorphism group is valuable in a theoretical sense, it also ensures that the list size needed for good performance grows exponentially. We further establish the bounds that arise if we sacrifice some of the symmetries. Although the theoretical analysis of the list decoding algorithm remains an open problem, our result provides an insight into the factors that impact the decoding complexity.

Modern machine learning models with very high accuracy have been shown to be vulnerable to small, adversarially chosen perturbations of the input. Given black-box access to a high-accuracy classifier f, we show how to construct a new classifier g that has high accuracy and is also robust to adversarial L2-bounded perturbations. Our algorithm builds upon the framework of randomized smoothing that has been recently shown to outperform all previous defenses against L2-bounded adversaries. Using techniques like random partitions and doubling dimension, we are able to bound the adversarial error of g in terms of the optimum error. In this paper we focus on our conceptual contribution, but we do present two examples to illustrate our framework. We will argue that, under some assumptions, our bounds are optimal for these cases.

We study the stability of low-density parity-check codes under blockwise or bitwise maximum a posteriori decoding, where transmission takes place over a binary-input memoryless output-symmetric channel. Our study stems from the consideration of constructing universal capacity-achieving codes under low-complexity decoding algorithms, where universality refers to the fact that we are considering a family of channels with equal capacity. Consider, e.g., the right-regular sequence by Shokrollahi and the heavy-tail Poisson sequence by Luby et al. Both sequences are provably capacity-achieving under belief propagation decoding when transmission takes place over the binary erasure channel. In this paper we show that many existing capacity-achieving sequences of low-density parity-check codes are not universal under belief propagation decoding. We reveal that the key to showing this non-universality result is determined by the stability of the underlying codes. More concretely, for an ordered and complete channel family and a sequence of low-density parity-check code ensembles, we determine a stability threshold associated with them, which gives rise to a sufficient condition under which the sequence is not universal under belief propagation decoding. Moreover, we show that the same stability threshold applies to blockwise or bitwise maximum a posteriori decoding as well. We demonstrate how the stability threshold can determine an upper bound on the corresponding blockwise or bitwise maximum a posteriori threshold, revealing the operational significance of the stability threshold.