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Personne# Guillaume André Jean Fraux

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Publications associées (7)

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Michele Ceriotti, Guillaume André Jean Fraux, Jigyasa Nigam, Sergey Pozdnyakov

Data-driven schemes that associate molecular and crystal structures with their microscopic properties share the need for a concise, effective description of the arrangement of their atomic constituents. Many types of models rely on descriptions of atom-centered environments, which are associated with an atomic property or with an atomic contribution to an extensive macroscopic quantity. Frameworks in this class can be understood in terms of atom-centered density correlations (ACDC), which are used as a basis for a body-ordered, symmetry-adapted expansion of the targets. Several other schemes that gather information on the relationship between neighboring atoms using "message-passing " ideas cannot be directly mapped to correlations centered around a single atom. We generalize the ACDC framework to include multi-centered information, generating representations that provide a complete linear basis to regress symmetric functions of atomic coordinates, and provide a coherent foundation to systematize our understanding of both atom-centered and message-passing and invariant and equivariant machine-learning schemes. Published under an exclusive license by AIP Publishing.

Michele Ceriotti, Sandip De, Guillaume André Jean Fraux, Nataliya Lopanitsyna

Alloys composed of several elements in roughly equimolar composition, often referred to as high-entropy alloys, have long been of interest for their thermodynamics and peculiar mechanical properties, and more recently for their potential application in catalysis. They are a considerable challenge to traditional atomistic modeling, and also to data-driven potentials that for the most part have memory footprint, computational effort, and data requirements which scale poorly with the number of elements included. We apply a recently proposed scheme to compress chemical information in a lower-dimensional space, which reduces dramatically the cost of the model with negligible loss of accuracy, to build a potential that can describe 25 d-block transition metals. The model shows semiquantitative accuracy for prototypical alloys and is remarkably stable when extrapolating to structures outside its training set. We use this framework to study element segregation in a computational experiment that simulates an equimolar alloy of all 25 elements, mimicking the seminal experiments in the groups of Yeh and Cantor, and use our observations on the short-range order relations between the elements to define a data-driven set of Hume-Rothery rules that can serve as guidance for alloy design. We conclude with a study of three prototypical alloys, CoCrFeMnNi, CoCrFeMoNi, and IrPdPtRhRu, determining their stability and the short-range order behavior of their constituents.

Michele Ceriotti, Guillaume André Jean Fraux, Alexander Jan Goscinski, Till Junge, Félix Benedito Clément Musil, Max David Veit, Michael John Willatt

Physically motivated and mathematically robust atom-centered representations of molecular structures are key to the success of modern atomistic machine learning. They lie at the foundation of a wide range of methods to predict the properties of both materials and molecules and to explore and visualize their chemical structures and compositions. Recently, it has become clear that many of the most effective representations share a fundamental formal connection. They can all be expressed as a discretization of n-body correlation functions of the local atom density, suggesting the opportunity of standardizing and, more importantly, optimizing their evaluation. We present an implementation, named librascal, whose modular design lends itself both to developing refinements to the density-based formalism and to rapid prototyping for new developments of rotationally equivariant atomistic representations. As an example, we discuss smooth overlap of atomic position (SOAP) features, perhaps the most widely used member of this family of representations, to show how the expansion of the local density can be optimized for any choice of radial basis sets. We discuss the representation in the context of a kernel ridge regression model, commonly used with SOAP features, and analyze how the computational effort scales for each of the individual steps of the calculation. By applying data reduction techniques in feature space, we show how to reduce the total computational cost by a factor of up to 4 without affecting the model’s symmetry properties and without significantly impacting its accuracy.

2021