*1579 – The Archdiocese of Manila is made a diocese by a papal bull with Domingo de Salazar being its first bishop.1601–1900
*1685 – James II of England and VII of Scotland is proclaimed King upon the death of his brother Charles II.
*1694 – The warrior queen Dandara, leader of the runaway slaves in Quilombo dos Palmares, Brazil, is captured and commits suicide rather than be returned to a life of slavery.
*1778 – American Revolutionary War: In Paris the Treaty of Alliance and the Treaty of Amity and Commerce are signed by the United States and France signaling official recognition of the new republic.
1778 – New York became the third state to ratify the Articles of Confederation.
*1788 – Massachusetts becomes the sixth state to ratify the United States Constitution.
*1806 – Battle of San Domingo: British naval victory against the French in the Caribbean.
*1819 – The Treaty of Singapore wa
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