Concept

Territoire de Belfort

Summary
The Territoire de Belfort (tɛʁitwaʁ də bɛlfɔʁ) is a department in the Bourgogne-Franche-Comté region, eastern France. It had a population of 141,318 in 2019. History The administrative district Territoire de Belfort was created under the terms of the 1871 Treaty of Frankfurt. The German Empire annexed almost all of Alsace, but the French were able to negotiate retention of the Territoire de Belfort which thereby was separated from the rest of Alsace (where it had been part of the department of Haut-Rhin). There were three principal reasons for this exceptional treatment:
  • The population in and around Belfort was French-speaking.
  • Belfort had demonstrated heroic resistance, under Colonel Pierre Denfert-Rochereau, to the German invasion. Belfort's left-wing Catholic Deputy Émile Keller now conducted a similarly forceful political campaign in the National Assembly. He argued that ceding heroic Belfort to Germany after the war would be unthinkable.
  • Since Belfort is situate
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