Concept

Orontes River

Summary
The Orontes (ɔːˈrɒntiːz; from Ancient Greek Ὀρόντης, ) or Asi (العاصي, alˈʕaːsˤiː; Asi) is a river with a length of in Western Asia that begins in Lebanon, flowing northwards through Syria before entering the Mediterranean Sea near Samandağ in Turkey. As the chief river of the northern Levant, the Orontes was the site of several major battles. Among the most important cities on the river are Homs, Hama, Jisr al-Shughur, and Antakya (the ancient Antioch, which was also known as "Antioch on the Orontes"). Names In the 9th century BCE, the ancient Assyrians referred to the river as Arantu, and the nearby Egyptians called it Araunti. The etymology of the name is unknown, yet some sources indicate that it might be derived from Arnt which means "lioness" in Syriac languages; others called it Alimas, a "water goddess" in Aramaic. However, Arantu gradually became "Orontes" in Greek. In the Greek epic poem Dionysiaca (circa 400 CE), the river is said to have bee
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