One of the long-standing goals in the field of tissue engineering is the fabrication of de novo tissues or even organs to provide better tissue models for basic research and drug discovery, and to alleviate a shortage of donor organs in the future. Research in recent decades to understand tissue biology has led to the discovery of stem cell niches and the development of innovative protocols for the generation of three-dimensional in vivo-like tissues called organoids. Organoids represent multiple histological and functional aspects of real organs and offer unprecedented perspectives for modelling tissue development, regeneration, and disease in vitro. However, relying so far almost exclusively on spontaneous self-organisation of stem cells, organoids develop uncontrollably into small structures of highly variable size and architecture. Moreover, the closed, cystic architecture of most epithelial organoids limits their lifespan and makes experimental manipulation difficult. In this thesis, three innovative engineering technologies were developed that offer the possibility of steering in vitro stem cell patterning and organoid formation into more controllable and physiologically relevant miniature tissues. The aim of the first project was to study how predefined geometric constraints, as they exist in vivo, affect organoid development. This required the development of a novel fabrication process of the topographically micro-patterned hydrogel surfaces. This approach allowed the generation of large arrays of the identical organoids, having pre-defined shape and size to study cellular mechanisms involved in the proper, stereotypical cell type pattering of intestinal organoids. The second project focused on replicating tissue dynamics and aspects of organ physiology by developing a novel three-dimensional organ-on-chip approach. Using stem cells derived from patient biopsies, this technology enables to production of miniature versions of patientâs organs that can be used in personalized diagnostics and medical treatment assays. Bioprinting has long been considered as one of the most promising technologies for fabricating organs in vitro. However, despite encouraging advances made in recent years, the degree of multicellular spatial complexity and function of organoids remains unmatched by any existing bioprinting technology. Therefore, the third project was aimed to develop a new bioprinting strategy that preserves local stem cell self-organization potential and extends organoids growth to the macroscopic scale. Overall, this thesis introduces several cutting-edge technologies that offer the possibility to control in vitro organoid development and should therefore become efficient research tools to facilitate the translation of organoid technology towards pharmaceutical and clinical applications. Hydrogel micro-pattering is an efficient technology that can be widely used to explore the mechanisms by which tissue geometry can regulate morphogenesis of different organs and can be readily applied for high-throughput screening in pharmacological assays. The microscope-based bioprinter can be set-up in any laboratory to guide stem cell self-organization and tissue morphogenesis from millimetre to centimetre scales. The microfluidic organoid-on-chip concept should enable the creation of various miniature organs with complex three-dimensional spatial organisation and multicellular complexity for basic research and drug discovery.