A committee or commission is a body of one or more persons subordinate to a deliberative assembly. A committee is not itself considered to be a form of assembly. Usually, the assembly sends matters into a committee as a way to explore them more fully than would be possible if the assembly itself were considering them. Committees may have different functions and their types of work differ depending on the type of the organization and its needs. A member of a legislature may be delegated a committee assignment, which gives them the right to serve on a certain committee. Purpose A deliberative assembly may form a committee (or "commission") consisting of one or more persons to assist with the work of the assembly. For larger organizations, much work is done in committees. Committees can be a way to formally draw together people of relevant expertise from different parts of an organization who otherwise would not have a good way to share information and coordinate actions. They
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Related publications (1)

Back to basics: thermodynamics in biochemical engineering

Urs von Stockar

A review. Rational and efficient process development in chem. technol. always makes heavy use of process anal. in terms of balances, kinetics, and thermodn. While the first two of these concepts have been extensively used in biotechnol., it appears that thermodn. has received relatively little attention from biotechnologists. This state of affairs is one among several reasons why development and design of biotechnol. processes is today mostly carried out in an essentially empirical fashion and why bioprocesses are often not as thoroughly optimized as many chem. processes. Since quite a large body of knowledge in the area of biothermodn. already existed in the early nineties, the Steering Committee of a European Science Foundation program on Process Integration in Biochem. Engineering identified a need to stimulate a more systematic use of thermodn. in the area. To this effect, a biannual course for advanced graduate students and researchers was developed. The present contribution uses the course structure to provide an outline of the area and to characterize very briefly the achievements, the challenges, and the research needs in the various sub-topics. [on SciFinder (R)]
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