Nur-ud-Din Muhammad Salim (31 August 1569 – 28 October 1627), known by his imperial name Jahangir (d͡ʒahɑːn'giːr; Conqueror of the World), was the fourth Mughal Emperor, who ruled from 1605 until his death in 1627. He was the third and only surviving son of Akbar and his chief empress, Mariam-uz-Zamani, born to them in the year 1569. He was named after the Indian Sufi saint, Salim Chishti.Early life
Prince Salim was the third son born to Akbar and his favourite empress consort, Mariam-uz-Zamani in Fatehpur Sikri on 31 August 1569. He had two elder brothers, Hassan Mirza and Hussain Mirza, born as twins to his parents in 1564, both of whom died in infancy. Grief struck, Akbar took Mariam-uz-Zamani along with him after their sons' demise as he set out for a war campaign, and during his return to Agra, he sought the blessings of Salim Chisti, a reputed Khawaja who lived at Fatehpur Sikri. Akbar confided in Salim Chisti who assured him that he would be soon delivered of three
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