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Concept# Superconducting quantum computing

Summary

Superconducting quantum computing is a branch of solid state quantum computing that implements superconducting electronic circuits using superconducting qubits as artificial atoms, or quantum dots. For superconducting qubits, the two logic states are the ground state and the excited state, denoted |g\rangle \text{ and } |e\ranglerespectively. Research in superconducting quantum computing is conducted by companies such as Google, IBM, IMEC, BBN Technologies, Rigetti, and Intel. Many recently developed QPUs (quantum processing units, or quantum chips) utilize superconducting architecture.
, up to 9 fully controllable qubits are demonstrated in the 1D array, and up to 16 in 2D architecture. In October 2019, the Martinis group, partnered with Google, published an article demonstrating novel quantum supremacy, using a chip composed of 53 superconducting qubits.
Background
Classical computation models rely on physical

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PHYS-744: Advanced Topics in Quantum Sciences and Technologies

This course provides an in-depth treatment of the latest experimental and theoretical topics in quantum sciences and technologies, including for example quantum sensing, quantum optics, cold atoms, theory of quantum measurements and open dissipative quantum systems, etc.

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This course will give an overview of the experimental state of the art of quantum technology for Quantum Information Processing (QIP). We will explore some of the most promising approaches for realizing quantum hardware and critically assess each approach's strengths and weaknesses.

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Spin qubits in silicon and germanium quantum dots are promising platforms for quantum computing, but entangling spin qubits over micrometer distances remains a critical challenge. Current prototypical architectures maximize transversal interactions between qubits and microwave resonators, where the spin state is flipped by nearly resonant photons. However, these interactions cause backaction on the qubit that yields unavoidable residual qubit-qubit couplings and significantly affects the gate fidelity. Strikingly, residual couplings vanish when spin-photon interactions are longitudinal and photons couple to the phase of the qubit. We show that large and tunable spin-photon interactions emerge naturally in state-of-the-art hole spin qubits and that they change from transversal to longitudinal depending on the magnetic field direction. We propose ways to electrically control and measure these interactions, as well as realistic protocols to implement fast high-fidelity two-qubit entangling gates. These protocols work also at high temperatures, paving the way toward the implementation of large-scale quantum processors.

Quantum computing

A quantum computer is a computer that exploits quantum mechanical phenomena.
At small scales, physical matter exhibits properties of both particles and waves, and quantum computing leverages this beh

Qubit

In quantum computing, a qubit (ˈkjuːbɪt) or quantum bit is a basic unit of quantum information—the quantum version of the classic binary bit physically realized with a two-state device. A qubit is a

Quantum information

Quantum information is the information of the state of a quantum system. It is the basic entity of study in quantum information theory,

Christophe Marcel Georges Galland, Nicolas Schwaller, Valeria Vento

We report the experimental nondemolition measurement of coherence, predictability and concurrence on a system of two qubits. The quantum circuits proposed by De Melo et al. (Phys Rev Lett 98(25):250501, 2007) are implemented on IBM Q (superconducting circuit) and IonQ (trapped ion) quantum computers. Three criteria are used to compare the performance of the different machines on this task: measurement accuracy, nondemolition of the observable, and quantum state preparation. We find that the IonQ quantum computer provides constant state fidelity through the nondemolition process, outperforming IBM Q systems on which the fidelity consequently drops after the measurement. Our study compares the current performance of these two technologies at different stages of the nondemolition measurement of bipartite complementarity.

We explore the coupling of the charge degree of freedom of electrons confined in a GaAs/AlGaAs double quantum dot (DQD) to a superconducting transmon qubit in the circuit QED architecture. In this work, we realize a proof of concept experiment in which the coupling between a transmon qubit and a DQD qubit is mediated by virtual microwave photon excitations in a tunable high impedance SQUID array resonator, which acts as a quantum bus enabling long range coupling between dissimilar qubits. Our device hosts a DQD capacitively coupled to a SQUID array resonator, which in turn is coupled to a single island transmon. The device is further equipped with a flux line for fast control of the transmon frequency, and with a 50 Ω CPW resonator capacitively coupled to the transmon for readout. Realizing a well controlled interface between semiconductor and superconductor-based quantum computing architectures will allow to take full advantage of those two solid states quantum systems for hybrid-quantum processors and will enable the use of both charge and flux degrees of freedom in the same device. The methods and techniques developed in this work are expected to be transferable to other material systems.

2018