Concept

Arabic numerals

Summary
Arabic numerals are the ten symbols most commonly used to write numbers: 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and 9. The term often implies a decimal number, in particular when contrasted with Roman numerals, however the symbols are also used for writing numbers in other systems such as octal, and for writing identifiers such as computer symbols, trademarks, or license plates. They are also called Western Arabic numerals, Ghubār numerals, Hindu-Arabic numerals, Western digits, Latin digits, or European digits. The Oxford English Dictionary differentiates them with the fully capitalized Arabic Numerals to refer to the Eastern digits. The term numbers or numerals or digits often implies only these symbols, however this can only be inferred from context. Europeans learned of Arabic numerals about the 10th century, though their spread was a gradual process. Two centuries later, in the Algerian city of Béjaïa, the Italian scholar Fibonacci first encountered the numerals; his work was crucial i
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