Leonid Isaakovich Mandelstam or Mandelshtam (Леанід Ісаакавіч Мандэльштам; Леонид Исаакович Мандельштам; 4 May 1879 – 27 November 1944) was a Soviet and Russian physicist.LifeLeonid Mandelstam was born in Mogilev, Russian Empire (now Belarus). He studied at the Novorossiya University in Odesa, but was expelled in 1899 due to political activities, and continued his studies at the University of Strasbourg. He remained in Strasbourg until 1914, and returned with the beginning of World War I. He was awarded the Stalin Prize in 1942. He died in Moscow, aged 65.Scientific achievementsThe main emphasis of his work was broadly considered theory of oscillations, which included optics and quantum mechanics. He was a co-discoverer of inelastic combinational scattering of light used now in Raman spectroscopy (see below). This paradigm-altering discovery (together with Grigory Landsberg) had occurred at the Moscow State University just one week earl
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