Concept

Foreign-language influences in English

Summary
The English language descends from Old English, the West Germanic language of the Anglo-Saxons. Most of its grammar, its core vocabulary and the most common words are Germanic. Around 70 percent of words in any text derive from Old English. The influence of other languages on English is mostly through loanwords. English borrowed many words from Old Norse, the North Germanic language of the Vikings, and later from Norman French, the Romance language of the Normans, which descends from Latin. Estimates of native words derived from Old English range up to 33%, with the rest made up of outside borrowings. These are mostly from Norman/French, but many others were later borrowed directly from Latin or Greek. Some of the Romance words borrowed into English were themselves loanwords from other languages, such as the Germanic Frankish language. While some new words enter English as slang, most do not. Some words are adopted from other languages; some are mixt
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