Concept

# Binary function

Summary
In mathematics, a binary function (also called bivariate function, or function of two variables) is a function that takes two inputs. Precisely stated, a function f is binary if there exists sets X, Y, Z such that :,f \colon X \times Y \rightarrow Z where X \times Y is the Cartesian product of X and Y. Alternative definitions Set-theoretically, a binary function can be represented as a subset of the Cartesian product X \times Y \times Z, where (x,y,z) belongs to the subset if and only if f(x,y) = z. Conversely, a subset R defines a binary function if and only if for any x \in X and y \in Y, there exists a unique z \in Z such that (x,y,z) belongs to R. f(x,y) is then defined to be this z. Alternatively, a binary function may be interpreted as simply a fu
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