Concept

Alberti cipher

Summary
The Alberti Cipher, created in 1467 by Italian architect Leon Battista Alberti, was one of the first polyalphabetic ciphers. In the opening pages of his treatise De componendis cifris he explained how his conversation with the papal secretary Leonardo Dati about a recently developed movable type printing press led to the development of his cipher wheel. Cipher disk Alberti's cipher disk embodies the first example of polyalphabetic substitution with mixed alphabets and variable periods This device, called Formula, was made up of two concentric disks, attached by a common pin, which could rotate one with respect to the other. The larger one is called Stabilis [stationary or fixed], and the smaller one is called Mobilis [movable]. The circumference of each disk is divided into 24 equal cells. The outer ring contains one uppercase alphabet for plaintext and the inner ring has a lowercase mixed alphabet for ciphertext. The outer ring also includes the numbers 1 to 4 for the super
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