Concept

Synchronous conferencing

Summary
Synchronous conferencing is the formal term used in computing, in particular in computer-mediated communication, collaboration and learning, to describe technologies informally known as online chat. It is sometimes extended to include audio/video conferencing or instant messaging systems that provide a text-based multi-user chat function. The word synchronous is used to qualify the conferencing as real-time, as distinct from a system such as e-mail, where messages are left and answered later. Synchronous conferencing protocols include:
  • IRC (Internet Relay Chat)
  • PSYC (Protocol for Synchronous Conferencing)
  • SILC (Secure Internet Live Conferencing protocol)
  • XMPP (Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol)
  • SIMPLE (instant messaging protocol) (Session Initiation Protocol for Instant Messaging and Presence Leveraging Extensions)
Types According to the type of media used, synchronous conferencing can be divided into
  • audio conferencing: only audio is used
  • video co
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