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Lecture# Bernoulli Equation

Description

This lecture covers the Bernoulli equation, which describes the behavior of fluids in motion, including the effects of pressure, gravity, and velocity. It explores the application of the equation in various scenarios, such as fluid acceleration, streamlines, and pressure variations. The lecture also delves into the concept of stagnation points, pressure measurement, and the principles of continuity in fluid dynamics.

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Related concepts (41)

Instructor

BIOENG-312: Fluid mechanics (for SV)

This introductory course on fluids mechanics presents the basics concepts in fluids statics, dynamics and kinematics.

Pressure

Pressure (symbol: p or P) is the force applied perpendicular to the surface of an object per unit area over which that force is distributed. Gauge pressure (also spelled gage pressure) is the pressure relative to the ambient pressure. Various units are used to express pressure. Some of these derive from a unit of force divided by a unit of area; the SI unit of pressure, the pascal (Pa), for example, is one newton per square metre (N/m2); similarly, the pound-force per square inch (psi, symbol lbf/in2) is the traditional unit of pressure in the imperial and US customary systems.

Non-Newtonian fluid

A non-Newtonian fluid is a fluid that does not follow Newton's law of viscosity, that is, it has variable viscosity dependent on stress. In non-Newtonian fluids, viscosity can change when under force to either more liquid or more solid. Ketchup, for example, becomes runnier when shaken and is thus a non-Newtonian fluid. Many salt solutions and molten polymers are , as are many commonly found substances such as custard, toothpaste, starch suspensions, corn starch, paint, blood, melted butter, and shampoo.

Fluid

In physics, a fluid is a liquid, gas, or other material that continuously deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress, or external force. They have zero shear modulus, or, in simpler terms, are substances which cannot resist any shear force applied to them. Although the term fluid generally includes both the liquid and gas phases, its definition varies among branches of science. Definitions of solid vary as well, and depending on field, some substances can be both fluid and solid.

Fluid dynamics

In physics, physical chemistry and engineering, fluid dynamics is a subdiscipline of fluid mechanics that describes the flow of fluids—liquids and gases. It has several subdisciplines, including aerodynamics (the study of air and other gases in motion) and hydrodynamics (the study of liquids in motion). Fluid dynamics has a wide range of applications, including calculating forces and moments on aircraft, determining the mass flow rate of petroleum through pipelines, predicting weather patterns, understanding nebulae in interstellar space and modelling fission weapon detonation.

Power-law fluid**NOTOC** In continuum mechanics, a power-law fluid, or the Ostwald–de Waele relationship, is a type of generalized Newtonian fluid (time-independent non-Newtonian fluid) for which the shear stress, τ, is given by where: K is the flow consistency index (SI units Pa sn), ∂u/∂y is the shear rate or the velocity gradient perpendicular to the plane of shear (SI unit s−1), and n is the flow behavior index (dimensionless). The quantity represents an apparent or effective viscosity as a function of the shear rate (SI unit Pa s).

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