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Lecture# Stochastic Models for Communications

Description

This lecture covers stochastic models for communications, including concepts such as mean and variance of a random variable, expectation of a function of a random variable, characteristic functions, moment-generating functions, probability-generating functions, inequalities like Markov and Tchebychev, discrete random variables like Binomial, Geometric, and Poisson distributions, continuous random variables like Gaussian and Exponential distributions, properties of Gamma distribution, Erlang distribution, and Chi-square distribution.

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Instructor

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COM-300: Stochastic models in communication

L'objectif de ce cours est la maitrise des outils des processus stochastiques utiles pour un ingénieur travaillant dans les domaines des systèmes de communication, de la science des données et de l'i

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Negative binomial distribution

In probability theory and statistics, the negative binomial distribution is a discrete probability distribution that models the number of failures in a sequence of independent and identically distributed Bernoulli trials before a specified (non-random) number of successes (denoted ) occurs. For example, we can define rolling a 6 on a dice as a success, and rolling any other number as a failure, and ask how many failure rolls will occur before we see the third success ().

Compound Poisson distribution

In probability theory, a compound Poisson distribution is the probability distribution of the sum of a number of independent identically-distributed random variables, where the number of terms to be added is itself a Poisson-distributed variable. The result can be either a continuous or a discrete distribution. Suppose that i.e., N is a random variable whose distribution is a Poisson distribution with expected value λ, and that are identically distributed random variables that are mutually independent and also independent of N.

Beta negative binomial distribution

In probability theory, a beta negative binomial distribution is the probability distribution of a discrete random variable equal to the number of failures needed to get successes in a sequence of independent Bernoulli trials. The probability of success on each trial stays constant within any given experiment but varies across different experiments following a beta distribution. Thus the distribution is a compound probability distribution.

Random variable

A random variable (also called random quantity, aleatory variable, or stochastic variable) is a mathematical formalization of a quantity or object which depends on random events. The term 'random variable' can be misleading as it is not actually random nor a variable, but rather it is a function from possible outcomes (e.g., the possible upper sides of a flipped coin such as heads and tails ) in a sample space (e.g., the set ) to a measurable space (e.g., in which 1 corresponding to and −1 corresponding to ), often to the real numbers.

Chi-squared distribution

In probability theory and statistics, the chi-squared distribution (also chi-square or -distribution) with degrees of freedom is the distribution of a sum of the squares of independent standard normal random variables. The chi-squared distribution is a special case of the gamma distribution and is one of the most widely used probability distributions in inferential statistics, notably in hypothesis testing and in construction of confidence intervals.