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Lecture# Martingales and Brownian Motion: Global Behavior and Zero Set Length

Description

This lecture covers the global behavior of Brownian motion with drift, the behavior of standard Brownian motion just after time 0, the fact that Brownian motion never stops, and the zero set of Brownian motion having zero length.

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MATH-330: Martingales et mouvement brownien

Introduction à la théorie des martingales à temps discret, en particulier aux théorèmes de convergence et d'arrêt. Application aux processus de branchement. Introduction au mouvement brownien et étude

Related lectures (4)

Brownian motion

Brownian motion is the random motion of particles suspended in a medium (a liquid or a gas). This motion pattern typically consists of random fluctuations in a particle's position inside a fluid sub-domain, followed by a relocation to another sub-domain. Each relocation is followed by more fluctuations within the new closed volume. This pattern describes a fluid at thermal equilibrium, defined by a given temperature. Within such a fluid, there exists no preferential direction of flow (as in transport phenomena).

Fractional Brownian motion

In probability theory, fractional Brownian motion (fBm), also called a fractal Brownian motion, is a generalization of Brownian motion. Unlike classical Brownian motion, the increments of fBm need not be independent. fBm is a continuous-time Gaussian process on , that starts at zero, has expectation zero for all in , and has the following covariance function: where H is a real number in (0, 1), called the Hurst index or Hurst parameter associated with the fractional Brownian motion.

Wiener process

In mathematics, the Wiener process is a real-valued continuous-time stochastic process named in honor of American mathematician Norbert Wiener for his investigations on the mathematical properties of the one-dimensional Brownian motion. It is often also called Brownian motion due to its historical connection with the physical process of the same name originally observed by Scottish botanist Robert Brown.

Geometric Brownian motion

A geometric Brownian motion (GBM) (also known as exponential Brownian motion) is a continuous-time stochastic process in which the logarithm of the randomly varying quantity follows a Brownian motion (also called a Wiener process) with drift. It is an important example of stochastic processes satisfying a stochastic differential equation (SDE); in particular, it is used in mathematical finance to model stock prices in the Black–Scholes model.

Brownian bridge

A Brownian bridge is a continuous-time stochastic process B(t) whose probability distribution is the conditional probability distribution of a standard Wiener process W(t) (a mathematical model of Brownian motion) subject to the condition (when standardized) that W(T) = 0, so that the process is pinned to the same value at both t = 0 and t = T. More precisely: The expected value of the bridge at any t in the interval [0,T] is zero, with variance , implying that the most uncertainty is in the middle of the bridge, with zero uncertainty at the nodes.

Explores the construction and properties of a Brownian motion with continuous trajectories using Paul Lévy's method.

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