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Lecture# Analysis of Phase Portraits in 2D Systems

Description

This lecture delves into the analysis of phase portraits in 2D systems, exploring the propagation of solutions between fixed points and the impact of different values of parameters. The instructor discusses the concept of potential and its role in understanding the behavior of solutions. By examining various scenarios with different parameter values, the lecture illustrates how the system's dynamics change, leading to different types of trajectories and stability properties. The lecture emphasizes the importance of choosing the right parameter values to observe specific behaviors in the system, such as the existence of connecting orbits between fixed points. Through numerical simulations and graphical representations, students gain insights into the complex dynamics of 2D systems and the significance of phase portraits in understanding biological phenomena.

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Instructors (2)

Related concepts (15)

BIO-341: Dynamical systems in biology

Life is non-linear. This course introduces dynamical systems as a technique for modelling simple biological processes. The emphasis is on the qualitative and numerical analysis of non-linear dynamical

Fixed point (mathematics)

hatnote|1=Fixed points in mathematics are not to be confused with other uses of "fixed point", or stationary points where math|1=f(x) = 0. In mathematics, a fixed point (sometimes shortened to fixpoint), also known as an invariant point, is a value that does not change under a given transformation. Specifically for functions, a fixed point is an element that is mapped to itself by the function. Formally, c is a fixed point of a function f if c belongs to both the domain and the codomain of f, and f(c) = c.

Fixed-point iteration

In numerical analysis, fixed-point iteration is a method of computing fixed points of a function. More specifically, given a function defined on the real numbers with real values and given a point in the domain of , the fixed-point iteration is which gives rise to the sequence of iterated function applications which is hoped to converge to a point . If is continuous, then one can prove that the obtained is a fixed point of , i.e., More generally, the function can be defined on any metric space with values in that same space.

Fixed-point theorem

In mathematics, a fixed-point theorem is a result saying that a function F will have at least one fixed point (a point x for which F(x) = x), under some conditions on F that can be stated in general terms. The Banach fixed-point theorem (1922) gives a general criterion guaranteeing that, if it is satisfied, the procedure of iterating a function yields a fixed point.

Kakutani fixed-point theorem

In mathematical analysis, the Kakutani fixed-point theorem is a fixed-point theorem for set-valued functions. It provides sufficient conditions for a set-valued function defined on a convex, compact subset of a Euclidean space to have a fixed point, i.e. a point which is mapped to a set containing it. The Kakutani fixed point theorem is a generalization of the Brouwer fixed point theorem. The Brouwer fixed point theorem is a fundamental result in topology which proves the existence of fixed points for continuous functions defined on compact, convex subsets of Euclidean spaces.

Phase portrait

In mathematics, a phase portrait is a geometric representation of the trajectories of a dynamical system in the phase plane. Each set of initial conditions is represented by a different point or curve. Phase portraits are an invaluable tool in studying dynamical systems. They consist of a plot of typical trajectories in the phase space. This reveals information such as whether an attractor, a repellor or limit cycle is present for the chosen parameter value.

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