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Lecture# Electric Circuits: Current, Resistance, and Power

Description

This lecture covers the fundamental concepts of electric circuits, including electric current, resistance, and Ohm's law. The instructor explains the behavior of electrons in a conductor, the generation of electric fields, and the Joule effect. The lecture also delves into the power dissipation in circuits, the use of ammeters and voltmeters, and the application of Kirchhoff's laws. Additionally, the charging and discharging of capacitors in RC circuits are explored, along with the concept of electrical resistance. Practical experiments on Ohm's law and Kirchhoff's laws are demonstrated.

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Related concepts (117)

Electrical network

An electrical network is an interconnection of electrical components (e.g., batteries, resistors, inductors, capacitors, switches, transistors) or a model of such an interconnection, consisting of electrical elements (e.g., voltage sources, current sources, resistances, inductances, capacitances). An electrical circuit is a network consisting of a closed loop, giving a return path for the current. Thus all circuits are networks, but not all networks are circuits (although networks without a closed loop are often imprecisely referred to as "circuits").

Network analysis (electrical circuits)

In electrical engineering and electronics, a network is a collection of interconnected components. Network analysis is the process of finding the voltages across, and the currents through, all network components. There are many techniques for calculating these values; however, for the most part, the techniques assume linear components. Except where stated, the methods described in this article are applicable only to linear network analysis.

Electric current

An electric current is a flow of charged particles, such as electrons or ions, moving through an electrical conductor or space. It is defined as the net rate of flow of electric charge through a surface. The moving particles are called charge carriers, which may be one of several types of particles, depending on the conductor. In electric circuits the charge carriers are often electrons moving through a wire. In semiconductors they can be electrons or holes.

Circuit topology (electrical)

The circuit topology of an electronic circuit is the form taken by the network of interconnections of the circuit components. Different specific values or ratings of the components are regarded as being the same topology. Topology is not concerned with the physical layout of components in a circuit, nor with their positions on a circuit diagram; similarly to the mathematical concept of topology, it is only concerned with what connections exist between the components.

Duality (electrical circuits)

In electrical engineering, electrical terms are associated into pairs called duals. A dual of a relationship is formed by interchanging voltage and current in an expression. The dual expression thus produced is of the same form, and the reason that the dual is always a valid statement can be traced to the duality of electricity and magnetism. Here is a partial list of electrical dualities: voltage – current parallel – serial (circuits) resistance – conductance voltage division – current division impedance – admittance capacitance – inductance reactance – susceptance short circuit – open circuit Kirchhoff's current law – Kirchhoff's voltage law.

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