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Lecture# Quantum Thermodynamics and Semiclassical Approximation

Description

This lecture covers topics such as quantum thermodynamics, semiclassical approximation, and practical implementations of thermodynamic concepts in quantum systems. The instructor discusses the Van Vleck-Gutzwiller propagator and the use of semiclassical methods to study interference phenomena. The lecture also delves into the estimation of energy sampling density and properties in quantum systems, emphasizing the importance of semiclassical approaches in understanding complex quantum phenomena.

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In thermodynamics, a thermodynamic state of a system is its condition at a specific time; that is, fully identified by values of a suitable set of parameters known as state variables, state parameters or thermodynamic variables. Once such a set of values of thermodynamic variables has been specified for a system, the values of all thermodynamic properties of the system are uniquely determined. Usually, by default, a thermodynamic state is taken to be one of thermodynamic equilibrium.

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A thermodynamic system is a body of matter and/or radiation, considered as separate from its surroundings, and studied using the laws of thermodynamics. Thermodynamic systems may be isolated, closed, or open. An isolated system exchanges no matter or energy with its surroundings, whereas a closed system does not exchange matter but may exchange heat and experience and exert forces. An open system can interact with its surroundings by exchanging both matter and energy.

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Classical thermodynamics considers three main kinds of thermodynamic process: (1) changes in a system, (2) cycles in a system, and (3) flow processes. (1)A Thermodynamic process is a process in which the thermodynamic state of a system is changed. A change in a system is defined by a passage from an initial to a final state of thermodynamic equilibrium. In classical thermodynamics, the actual course of the process is not the primary concern, and often is ignored.

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