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Lecture# Torsion and Divisibility in Group Theory

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This lecture delves into the relationship between p-torsion and p-divisibility, focusing on exact sequences involving p-groups. It explores the implications when two out of three groups A, B, and C are p-groups, shedding light on the third one. The lecture also discusses the concept of exact sequences of abelian groups and the consequences of p-divisibility. Through various examples, the instructor illustrates scenarios where p-divisibility does not necessarily imply divisibility. The lecture concludes by examining the extension of a group G into a functor, emphasizing the construction and properties of the extension. The discussion also touches upon the injectivity of certain mappings and the implications of p-divisibility on group elements.

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Related concepts (123)

MATH-211: Group Theory

Après une introduction à la théorie des catégories, nous appliquerons la théorie générale au cas particulier des groupes, ce qui nous permettra de bien mettre en perspective des notions telles que quo

In mathematics, specifically group theory, given a prime number p, a p-group is a group in which the order of every element is a power of p. That is, for each element g of a p-group G, there exists a nonnegative integer n such that the product of pn copies of g, and not fewer, is equal to the identity element. The orders of different elements may be different powers of p. Abelian p-groups are also called p-primary or simply primary. A finite group is a p-group if and only if its order (the number of its elements) is a power of p.

In mathematics, in the field of group theory, especially in the study of p-groups and pro-p-groups, the concept of powerful p-groups plays an important role. They were introduced in , where a number of applications are given, including results on Schur multipliers. Powerful p-groups are used in the study of automorphisms of p-groups , the solution of the restricted Burnside problem , the classification of finite p-groups via the coclass conjectures , and provided an excellent method of understanding analytic pro-p-groups .

In group theory, a branch of mathematics, a core is any of certain special normal subgroups of a group. The two most common types are the normal core of a subgroup and the p-core of a group. For a group G, the normal core or normal interior of a subgroup H is the largest normal subgroup of G that is contained in H (or equivalently, the intersection of the conjugates of H). More generally, the core of H with respect to a subset S ⊆ G is the intersection of the conjugates of H under S, i.e.

In mathematics, especially in the field of group theory, a divisible group is an abelian group in which every element can, in some sense, be divided by positive integers, or more accurately, every element is an nth multiple for each positive integer n. Divisible groups are important in understanding the structure of abelian groups, especially because they are the injective abelian groups. An abelian group is divisible if, for every positive integer and every , there exists such that .

In abstract algebra, a finite group is a group whose underlying set is finite. Finite groups often arise when considering symmetry of mathematical or physical objects, when those objects admit just a finite number of structure-preserving transformations. Important examples of finite groups include cyclic groups and permutation groups. The study of finite groups has been an integral part of group theory since it arose in the 19th century.

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