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Lecture# Neural Quantum States: Applications and Mapping Techniques

Description

This lecture by the instructor covers the applications of neural quantum states in many-body quantum systems, including autoregressive quantum states and frustrated spins. It also discusses mapping techniques like Jordan-Wigner and Bravyi-Kitaev mappings, as well as simulating quantum circuits and estimating loss functions. The lecture delves into the accuracy and efficiency improvements brought by autoregressive models and deeper neural networks, showcasing results from various research papers. Furthermore, it explores the trade-off between variance and bias in quantum computations, along with noise analysis and simulating quantum approximate optimization algorithms. The presentation concludes with benchmarking small and large quantum circuits, demonstrating the continuous improvements in neural quantum states.

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In course

PHYS-644: Lecture series on advances in Physics

This course gives a comprehensive view of the main research topics being explored in the different sections of Physics, and the highlights from EPFL beyond the specific topic of each PhD. The students

Related concepts (111)

Autoregressive model

In statistics, econometrics, and signal processing, an autoregressive (AR) model is a representation of a type of random process; as such, it is used to describe certain time-varying processes in nature, economics, behavior, etc. The autoregressive model specifies that the output variable depends linearly on its own previous values and on a stochastic term (an imperfectly predictable term); thus the model is in the form of a stochastic difference equation (or recurrence relation which should not be confused with differential equation).

Quantum computing

A quantum computer is a computer that exploits quantum mechanical phenomena. At small scales, physical matter exhibits properties of both particles and waves, and quantum computing leverages this behavior, specifically quantum superposition and entanglement, using specialized hardware that supports the preparation and manipulation of quantum states. Classical physics cannot explain the operation of these quantum devices, and a scalable quantum computer could perform some calculations exponentially faster than any modern "classical" computer.

Autoregressive–moving-average model

In the statistical analysis of time series, autoregressive–moving-average (ARMA) models provide a parsimonious description of a (weakly) stationary stochastic process in terms of two polynomials, one for the autoregression (AR) and the second for the moving average (MA). The general ARMA model was described in the 1951 thesis of Peter Whittle, Hypothesis testing in time series analysis, and it was popularized in the 1970 book by George E. P. Box and Gwilym Jenkins.

Quantum circuit

In quantum information theory, a quantum circuit is a model for quantum computation, similar to classical circuits, in which a computation is a sequence of quantum gates, measurements, initializations of qubits to known values, and possibly other actions. The minimum set of actions that a circuit needs to be able to perform on the qubits to enable quantum computation is known as DiVincenzo's criteria. Circuits are written such that the horizontal axis is time, starting at the left hand side and ending at the right.

Autoregressive integrated moving average

In statistics and econometrics, and in particular in time series analysis, an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model is a generalization of an autoregressive moving average (ARMA) model. To better comprehend the data or to forecast upcoming series points, both of these models are fitted to time series data. ARIMA models are applied in some cases where data show evidence of non-stationarity in the sense of mean (but not variance/autocovariance), where an initial differencing step (corresponding to the "integrated" part of the model) can be applied one or more times to eliminate the non-stationarity of the mean function (i.

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