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Lecture# Partial Differential Equations: Basics and Classification

Description

This lecture covers the basics of partial differential equations (PDEs), including notation, definitions, and classification. It explains the concepts of open, connected subsets, smooth functions, partial derivatives, and classical solutions. The classification of PDEs into linear, semi-linear, quasi-linear, and fully nonlinear is discussed, with a focus on linear second-order PDEs. Examples of PDEs such as Laplace's equation, transport equation, heat equation, wave equation, and p-Laplacian are presented. The lecture also explores domains with smooth boundaries, Gauss-Green formula, integration by parts, and Green's identities.

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Related concepts (61)

MATH-305: Introduction to partial differential equations

This is an introductory course on Elliptic Partial Differential Equations. The course will cover the theory of both classical and generalized (weak) solutions of elliptic PDEs.

Partial differential equation

In mathematics, a partial differential equation (PDE) is an equation which computes a function between various partial derivatives of a multivariable function. The function is often thought of as an "unknown" to be solved for, similar to how x is thought of as an unknown number to be solved for in an algebraic equation like x2 − 3x + 2 = 0. However, it is usually impossible to write down explicit formulas for solutions of partial differential equations.

Integration by parts

In calculus, and more generally in mathematical analysis, integration by parts or partial integration is a process that finds the integral of a product of functions in terms of the integral of the product of their derivative and antiderivative. It is frequently used to transform the antiderivative of a product of functions into an antiderivative for which a solution can be more easily found. The rule can be thought of as an integral version of the product rule of differentiation.

Elliptic partial differential equation

Second-order linear partial differential equations (PDEs) are classified as either elliptic, hyperbolic, or parabolic. Any second-order linear PDE in two variables can be written in the form where A, B, C, D, E, F, and G are functions of x and y and where , and similarly for . A PDE written in this form is elliptic if with this naming convention inspired by the equation for a planar ellipse.

Integration by substitution

In calculus, integration by substitution, also known as u-substitution, reverse chain rule or change of variables, is a method for evaluating integrals and antiderivatives. It is the counterpart to the chain rule for differentiation, and can loosely be thought of as using the chain rule "backwards". Before stating the result rigorously, consider a simple case using indefinite integrals. Compute Set This means or in differential form, Now where is an arbitrary constant of integration.

Differential equation

In mathematics, a differential equation is an equation that relates one or more unknown functions and their derivatives. In applications, the functions generally represent physical quantities, the derivatives represent their rates of change, and the differential equation defines a relationship between the two. Such relations are common; therefore, differential equations play a prominent role in many disciplines including engineering, physics, economics, and biology.

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