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Lecture# Limit Properties: Exponential and Logarithmic Functions

Description

This lecture covers the properties of limits related to exponential and logarithmic functions, including indeterminate forms, limits at infinity, and the definition of the natural logarithm. It also introduces the concept of reciprocal functions and the properties of logarithmic functions, such as the logarithm of a product, quotient, power, and the base. The instructor explains how to determine limits involving factorials and square roots, emphasizing the importance of understanding these concepts for calculus.

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Instructor

In course

MATH-101(e): Analysis I

Étudier les concepts fondamentaux d'analyse et le calcul différentiel et intégral des fonctions réelles d'une variable.

Related concepts (45)

Quotient rule

In calculus, the quotient rule is a method of finding the derivative of a function that is the ratio of two differentiable functions. Let , where both f and g are differentiable and The quotient rule states that the derivative of h(x) is It is provable in many ways by using other derivative rules. Given , let , then using the quotient rule: The quotient rule can be used to find the derivative of as follows: Reciprocal rule The reciprocal rule is a special case of the quotient rule in which the numerator .

Product rule

In calculus, the product rule (or Leibniz rule or Leibniz product rule) is a formula used to find the derivatives of products of two or more functions. For two functions, it may be stated in Lagrange's notation as or in Leibniz's notation as The rule may be extended or generalized to products of three or more functions, to a rule for higher-order derivatives of a product, and to other contexts. Discovery of this rule is credited to Gottfried Leibniz, who demonstrated it using differentials. (However, J. M.

Trigonometric functions

In mathematics, the trigonometric functions (also called circular functions, angle functions or goniometric functions) are real functions which relate an angle of a right-angled triangle to ratios of two side lengths. They are widely used in all sciences that are related to geometry, such as navigation, solid mechanics, celestial mechanics, geodesy, and many others. They are among the simplest periodic functions, and as such are also widely used for studying periodic phenomena through Fourier analysis.

Natural logarithm

The natural logarithm of a number is its logarithm to the base of the mathematical constant e, which is an irrational and transcendental number approximately equal to 2.718281828459. The natural logarithm of x is generally written as ln x, loge x, or sometimes, if the base e is implicit, simply log x. Parentheses are sometimes added for clarity, giving ln(x), loge(x), or log(x). This is done particularly when the argument to the logarithm is not a single symbol, so as to prevent ambiguity.

Common logarithm

In mathematics, the common logarithm is the logarithm with base 10. It is also known as the decadic logarithm and as the decimal logarithm, named after its base, or Briggsian logarithm, after Henry Briggs, an English mathematician who pioneered its use, as well as standard logarithm. Historically, it was known as logarithmus decimalis or logarithmus decadis. It is indicated by log(x), log10 (x), or sometimes Log(x) with a capital L (however, this notation is ambiguous, since it can also mean the complex natural logarithmic multi-valued function).

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