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Person# Gil Badel

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Conformal Field Theories (CFTs) are crucial for our understanding of Quantum Field Theory (QFT). Because of their powerful symmetry properties, they play the role of signposts in the space of QFTs. Any method that gives us information about their structure, and lets us compute their observables, is therefore of great interest. In this thesis we explore the large quantum number sector of CFTs, by describing a semiclassical expansion approach. The idea is to describe the theory in terms of fluctuations around a classical background, which corresponds to a superfluid state of finite charge density. We detail the implementation of the method in the case of U (1)-invariant lagrangian CFTs defined in the epsilon-expansion. After introducing the method for generic correlators, we illustrate it by performing the computation of several observables.First, we compute the scaling dimension of the lowest operator having a given large charge n under the U (1) symmetry. We demonstrate how the semiclassical result in this case bridges the gap between the naive diagrammatic computation (which fails at too large n) and the general large-charge expansion of CFTs (which is only valid for n large enough).Second, we apply the method to the computation of 3- and 4-point functions involving the same operator. This lets us derive some of the OPE (Operator Product Expansion) coefficients.Finally, we consider the rest of the spectrum of charge-n operators, and propose a way to classify them by studying their free-theory equivalent. In the free theory, we construct the complete set of primary operators with number of derivatives bounded by the charge.We also find a mapping between the excited states of the superfluid and the vacuum states of standard quantization, which is valid when the spin of said states is bounded by the square root of the charge.

Gil Badel, Gabriel Francisco Cuomo, Alexander Monin, Riccardo Rattazzi

In arXiv:1909.01269 it was shown that the scaling dimension of the lightest charge n operator in the U (1) model at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point in D = 4 - epsilon can be computed semiclassically for arbitrary values of lambda n, where lambda is the perturbatively small fixed point coupling. Here we generalize this result to the fixed point of the U (1) model in 3 - epsilon dimensions. The result interpolates continuously between diagrammatic calculations and the universal conformal superfluid regime for CFTs at large charge. In particular it reproduces the expectedly universal O(n(0)) contribution to the scaling dimension of large charge operators in 3D CFTs. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier B.V.

2020Gil Badel, Alexander Monin, Riccardo Rattazzi

The Large Charge sector of Conformal Field Theory (CFT) can generically be described through a semiclassical expansion around a superfluid background. In this work, focussing on U(1) invariant Wilson-Fisher fixed points, we study the spectrum of spinning large charge operators. For sufficiently low spin these correspond to the phonon excitations of the superfluid state. We discuss the organization of these states into conformal multiplets and the form of the corresponding composite operators in the free field theory limit. The latter entails a mapping, built order-by-order in the inverse charge n(-1), between the Fock space of vacuum fluctuations and the Fock space of fluctuations around the superfluid state. We discuss the limitations of the semiclassical method, and find that the phonon description breaks down for spins of order n(1/2) while the computation of observables is valid up to spins of order n. Finally, we apply the semiclassical method to compute some conformal 3-point and 4-point functions, and analyze the conformal block decomposition of the latter with our knowledge of the operator spectrum.