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Person# Tobias Schneider

Biography

Tobias Schneider is an assistant professor in the School of Engineering at EPFL, the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne. He received his doctoral degree in theoretical physics in 2007 from the University of Marburg in Germany working on the transition to turbulence in pipe flow. He then joined Harvard University as a postdoctoral fellow. In 2012 Tobias Schneider returned to Europe to establish an independent Max-Planck research group at the Max-Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization in Goettingen. Since 2014, he is working at EPFL, where he teaches fluid mechanics and heads the 'Emergent Complexity in Physical Systems' laboratory. Tobias Schneider's research is focused on nonlinear mechanics with specific emphasis on spatial turbulent-laminar patterns in fluid flows transitioning to turbulence. His lab combines dynamical systems and pattern-formation theory with large-scale computer simulations. Together with his team, Schneider develops computational tools and continuation methods for studying the bifurcation structure of nonlinear differential equations such as those describing the flow of a fluid. These tools are published as open-source software at channelflow.ch. Publications: Google Scholar

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Courses taught by this person (3)

ME-280: Fluid mechanics (for GM)

Basic lecture in fluid mechanics

ME-344: Incompressible fluid mechanics

Basic lecture in incompressible fluid mechanics

ME-467: Turbulence

This course provides an introduction to the physical phenomenon of turbulence, its probabilistic description and modeling approaches including RANS and LES. Students are equipped with the basic knowledge to tackle complex flow problems in science and engineering practice.

Related research domains (6)

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Navier–Stokes equations

The Navier–Stokes equations (nævˈjeː_stəʊks ) are partial differential equations which describe the motion of viscous fluid substances, named after French engineer and physicist Claude-Louis Navier an

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Jeremy Peter Parker, Tobias Schneider

One approach to understand the chaotic dynamics of nonlinear dissipative systems is the study of non-chaotic yet dynamically unstable invariant solutions embedded in the system's chaotic attractor. The significance of zero-dimensional unstable fixed points and one-dimensional unstable periodic orbits capturing time-periodic dynamics is widely accepted for high-dimensional chaotic systems, including fluid turbulence, while higher-dimensional invariant tori representing quasiperiodic dynamics have rarely been considered. We demonstrate that unstable 2-tori are generically embedded in the hyperchaotic attractor of a dissipative system of ordinary differential equations; tori can be numerically identified via bifurcations of unstable periodic orbits and their parameteric continuation and characterization of stability properties are feasible. As higher-dimensional tori are expected to be structurally unstable, 2-tori together with periodic orbits and equilibria form a complete set of relevant invariant solutions on which to base a dynamical description of chaos.

Omid Ashtari, Sajjad Azimi, Tobias Schneider

Chaotic dynamics in systems ranging from low-dimensional nonlinear differential equations to high-dimensional spatiotemporal systems including fluid turbulence is supported by nonchaotic, exactly recurring time-periodic solutions of the governing equations. These unstable periodic orbits capture key features of the turbulent dynamics and sufficiently large sets of orbits promise a framework to predict the statistics of the chaotic flow. Computing periodic orbits for high-dimensional spatiotemporally chaotic systems remains challenging as known methods either show poor convergence properties because they are based on time-marching of a chaotic system causing exponential error amplification, or they require constructing Jacobian matrices which is prohibitively expensive. We propose a new matrix-free method that is unaffected by exponential error amplification, is globally convergent, and can be applied to high-dimensional systems. The adjoint-based variational method constructs an initial value problem in the space of closed loops such that periodic orbits are attracting fixed points for the loop dynamics. We introduce the method for general autonomous systems. An implementation for the one-dimensional Kuramoto-Sivashinsky equation demonstrates the robust convergence of periodic orbits underlying spatiotemporal chaos. Convergence does not require accurate initial guesses and is independent of the period of the respective orbit.

2022,

Unstable periodic orbits are believed to underpin the dynamics of turbulence, but by their nature are hard to find computationally. We present a family of methods to converge such unstable periodic orbits for the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, based on variations of an integral objective functional, and using traditional gradient-based optimisation strategies. Different approaches for handling the incompressibility condition are considered. The variational methods are applied to the specific case of periodic, two-dimensional Kolmogorov flow and compared against existing Newton iteration-based shooting methods. While computationally slow, our methods converge from very inaccurate initial guesses.