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Publication# Visual processing-inspired Fern-Audio features for Noise-Robust Speaker Verification

Abstract

In this paper, we consider the problem of speaker verification as a two-class object detection problem in computer vision, where the object instances are 1-D short-time spectral vectors obtained from the speech signal. More precisely, we investigate the general problem of speaker verification in the presence of additive white Gaussian noise, which we consider as analogous to visual object detection under varying illumination conditions. Inspired by their recent success in illumination-robust object detection, we apply a certain class of binary-valued pixel-pair based features called Ferns for noise-robust speaker verification. Intensive experiments on a benchmark database according to a standard evaluation protocol have shown the advantage of the proposed features in the presence of moderate to extremely high amounts of additive noise.

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Additive white Gaussian noise

Additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) is a basic noise model used in information theory to mimic the effect of many random processes that occur in nature. The modifiers denote specific characteristics: Additive because it is added to any noise that might be intrinsic to the information system. White refers to the idea that it has uniform power spectral density across the frequency band for the information system. It is an analogy to the color white which may be realized by uniform emissions at all frequencies in the visible spectrum.

Gaussian noise

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Noise (signal processing)

In signal processing, noise is a general term for unwanted (and, in general, unknown) modifications that a signal may suffer during capture, storage, transmission, processing, or conversion. Sometimes the word is also used to mean signals that are random (unpredictable) and carry no useful information; even if they are not interfering with other signals or may have been introduced intentionally, as in comfort noise. Noise reduction, the recovery of the original signal from the noise-corrupted one, is a very common goal in the design of signal processing systems, especially filters.

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